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The Maven-junit4OSGi-plugin

junit4OSGi tests can also be executed automatically during the integration-test phase of a maven build process. This page describes the maven-junit4osgi-plugin allowing a seamless maven integration.

What does the maven-junit4osgi-plugin provide?

  • Allows testing OSGi applications
  • Integrated in a Maven-based build process
  • Provides the same output as Surefire
  • Supports Maven site generation

Using the plug-in

Download and building the plug-in

The plug-in sources are available in the iPOJO trunk.
However the junit4osgi and iPOJO runtime are also required. So, download the source of iPOJO:
svn co
To compile it, run the following commands:

cd ipojo
mvn clean install -Pexamples

Simple configuration

So, first the project using the plug-in is not the project under test. It's another project containing either only integration-test packaged in a bundle, or is empty (and so depends on other bundles containing integration tests).
Tests contained in the project are developed with junit4osgi, and are packaged in a bundle with the maven-bundle-plugin.
In the pom file, add the following plugin configuration to use the maven-junit4osgi-plugin:


Plugin parameter

The plug-in has only one parameter. The deployProjectArtifact parameter enables or disables the current artifact deployment. If the current project contains tests, the plug-in can deploy the built artifact (as illustrated in this pom). Otherwise, the current project artifact is not deployed. This can be useful if the project just depends on other test bundles and sets the test configuration (as this pom).

Configuring the set of bundles to deploy

There is two different ways to configure the plug-in to deploy other bundles. If the bundle to deploy is a maven artifact, just add this artifact as a maven project dependency. Here is an example:


If your bundle is not a maven artifact, you can configure the plugin with the bundle URL (from where the bundle will be deployed)


Set bundles are installed and started. You can depend on bundle that does not contain test as well as bundle containing tests.

Configuring Felix

It is also possible to set Felix properties in the configuration:


Showing/hiding test trace

The plugin collects System.out, System.err and logged messages to write them in the test report. Moreover, the plugin allows hiding traces when tests are executed. To achieve this just add the hideOutputs parameter.


Disabling/Enabling the Log Service

The plugin exposed a LogService in the OSGi framework to collects logged messaged. This service enabled by default. You can diable it by launching the plugin with the logService property set to false

mvn clean integration-test -DlogService=false

Skipping integration-test

Sometimes you want to skip tests (sad). The plugin uses the maven.test.skip property to skip tests such as

mvn clean install -Dmaven.test.skip=true

Ignoring failures

If tests throws errors or have failures, the plugin breaks the Maven build. You can by-pass this behavior by ignoring errors and failures. This is useful during test generation.

mvn clean install -Dmaven.test.failure.ignore=true

Executing the plug-in

To execute test, just launch the mvn clean integration-test command.

[INFO] Scanning for projects...
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Building iPOJO Primitive Manipulation Test Suite
[INFO]    task-segment: [integration-test]
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] [resources:resources]
[INFO] Using default encoding to copy filtered resources.
[INFO] [compiler:compile]
[INFO] Nothing to compile - all classes are up to date
[INFO] [resources:testResources]
[INFO] Using default encoding to copy filtered resources.
[INFO] [compiler:testCompile]
[INFO] No sources to compile
[INFO] [surefire:test]
[INFO] No tests to run.
[INFO] [bundle:bundle]
[INFO] [ipojo:ipojo-bundle {execution: default}]
[INFO] Start bundle manipulation
[INFO] Metadata file : /Users/clement/Documents/workspaces/felix-trunk/ipojo/tests/manipulator/primitives/target/classes/metadata.xml
[INFO] Input Bundle File : /Users/clement/Documents/workspaces/felix-trunk/ipojo/tests/manipulator/primitives/target/tests.manipulation.primitives-1.1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar
[INFO] Bundle manipulation - SUCCESS
[INFO] [junit4osgi:test {execution: default}]
Analyzing org.apache.felix.ipojo - compile
Analyzing org.apache.felix.ipojo.metadata - compile
Analyzing org.osgi.core - compile
Analyzing junit - compile
Analyzing org.apache.felix.ipojo.junit4osgi - compile
Analyzing tests.manipulation.metadata - test

Deploy : /Users/clement/Documents/workspaces/felix-trunk/ipojo/tests/manipulator/primitives/target/tests.manipulation.primitives-1.1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar
Loading org.apache.felix.ipojo.test.scenarios.manipulation.ManipulationTestSuite
Loading org.apache.felix.ipojo.test.scenarios.manipulation.ManipulationTestSuite
Junit Extender starting ...
Running Manipulation Metadata Test Suite
Tests run: 16, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Time elapsed: 0 sec
Running Primitive Manipulation Test Suite
Tests run: 17, Failures: 0, Errors: 0, Time elapsed: 0 sec

Results :

Tests run: 33, Failures: 0, Errors:0

Unload test suites [class org.apache.felix.ipojo.test.scenarios.manipulation.ManipulationTestSuite]
Unload test suites [class org.apache.felix.ipojo.test.scenarios.manipulation.ManipulationTestSuite]
Cleaning test suites ...
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------
[INFO] Total time: 6 seconds
[INFO] Finished at: Mon Nov 10 21:30:21 CET 2008
[INFO] Final Memory: 9M/18M
[INFO] ------------------------------------------------------------------------

Failures and errors are reported in the plugin output.

Generating the report web page

When test are executed, the plug-in generates XML reports (int the target/junit4osgi-reports directory) using the same convention as Surefire. So, it is possible to configure Surefire to generate the web page with test results.
To do this, add the following report configuration to the project executing tests:


This snippet configures the maven-surefire-report-plugin to collect results from the 'target/surefire-reports' directory.
Then execute the plugin with the following command:

mvn org.apache.maven.plugins:maven-surefire-report-plugin:2.4.3:report

This command generates the web page with test results in 'target/site'. This page shows an example of page generated with this command.

Plug-in design

The plug-in is quiet simple, it just starts an embedded Felix with a special activator installing and starting the junit4osgi framework and specified bundles.
Then, before executing test, the plug-in waits for "stability". Indeed, as bundle activation can be asynchronous, the plug-in need to wait that the configuration is stable. Stability is obtained when all bundles are activated, and no new services appear or disappear on a 500 ms period. If after several second the stability cannot be reached, the plug-in stops.
Once the stability is reached, the junit4ogsi runner service is used to execute tests. Then results are collected and reports are generated.


This page has presented a front-end automating the execution of junit4osgi tests. Now it is possible to integrate OSGi application tests in a build process. The presented maven plugin provides following features:

  • An easy integration in a Maven-based build process
  • A good flexibility allowing reproducing production execution environments to test the application
  • Test result output is the same as surefire
  • Is able to generate Surefire-like reports

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