This Confluence has been LDAP enabled, if you are an ASF Committer, please use your LDAP Credentials to login. Any problems file an INFRA jira ticket please.

Child pages
  • Common Table Expression
Skip to end of metadata
Go to start of metadata

A Common Table Expression (CTE) is a temporary result set derived from a simple query specified in a WITH clause, which immediately precedes a SELECT or INSERT keyword.  The CTE is defined only within the execution scope of a single statement.  One or more CTEs can be used in a Hive SELECT, INSERTCREATE TABLE AS SELECT, or CREATE VIEW AS SELECT statement.

Version

Common Table Expressions are added in Hive 0.13.0 with HIVE-1180.

Common Table Expression Syntax

withClause: cteClause (, cteClause)*
cteClause: cte_name AS (select statment)

Additional Grammar Rules

  • The WITH clause is not supported within SubQuery Blocks
  • CTEs are supported in Views, CTAS and INSERT statements.
  • Recursive Queries are not supported.

Examples

CTE in Select Statements

with q1 as ( select key from src where key = '5')
select *
from q1;

-- from style
with q1 as (select * from src where key= '5')
from q1
select *;
 
-- chaining CTEs
with q1 as ( select key from q2 where key = '5'),
q2 as ( select key from src where key = '5')
select * from (select key from q1) a;
 
-- union example
with q1 as (select * from src where key= '5'),
q2 as (select * from src s2 where key = '4')
select * from q1 union all select * from q2;

CTE in Views, CTAS, and Insert Statements

-- insert example
create table s1 like src;
with q1 as ( select key, value from src where key = '5')
from q1
insert overwrite table s1
select *;

-- ctas example
create table s2 as
with q1 as ( select key from src where key = '4')
select * from q1;

-- view example
create view v1 as
with q1 as ( select key from src where key = '5')
select * from q1;
select * from v1;
 
-- view example, name collision
create view v1 as
with q1 as ( select key from src where key = '5')
select * from q1;
with q1 as ( select key from src where key = '4')
select * from v1;

In the second View example, a query's CTE is different from the CTE used when creating the view. The result will contain rows with key = '5' because in the view's query statement the CTE defined in the view definition takes effect.

Also see this JIRA:

  • HIVE-1180 Support Common Table Expressions (CTEs) in Hive
  • No labels