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This page explains how to use parallel testing in Hive (


Python modules

To use parallel tests you have to install Python with "argparse" and "mako"
modules. You can do that using your package manager or you can install the
modules by hand. If you're using Python 2.7 or newer, "argparse" module is
already included and you don't have to install it.

Global installation

You can install the modules globally for all users with "easy_install":

sudo easy_install argparse
sudo easy_install mako

Local installation

If you don't have root acces on the machine, or you don't want to pollute your
system directories, you can install the modules in your home directory.

easy_install --prefix "~/.python_modules" argparse
easy_install --prefix "~/.python_modules" mako

You'll have to update "PYTHONPATH" environmental variable to include
"~/.python_modules". You can do that by adding this line to your ".bashrc" or

export PYTHONPATH="${PYTHONPATH}:${HOME}/.python_modules/lib/pythonVERSION/site-packages"

Where "VERSION" is Python version you're using, like "2.6" or "2.7", for example
if you're using Python 2.6:

export PYTHONPATH="${PYTHONPATH}:${HOME}/.python_modules/lib/python2.6/site-packages"

SSH keys

You will have to setup SSH so you can access all test nodes without a password.


Configuration file

You'll need to configure which hosts the test should run on. You should put
your configuration file in "~/.hive_ptest.conf". Configuration file format is
documented in the README file distributed with the test script.

Configuration parameter for speeding up unit tests

Unit tests will run faster if the Hive configuration parameter
hive.exec.submit.local.task.via.child is set to true. See HIVE-7271 for details.


You can see all possible options by running:

hive_repo/testutils/ptest/ --help

Testing a Differential revision

If you want to test a patch from Phabricator, you
can use this command:

hive_repo/testutils/ptest/ --test --revision D123

Testing a patch from file system

You can also test a patch from local file system.

hive_repo/testutils/ptest/ --test --patch /path/to/my.patch

You can provide multiple patches if you want to. They will be applied in the
same order they appear on the command line.

hive_repo/testutils/ptest/ --test --patch first.patch second.patch

Multiple test runs

Multiple users can run parallel tests using the same configuration file without
problems. If you want to run different test instances simultaneously as one user you'll
have to export "HIVE_PTEST_SUFFIX" environmental variable and set it to some
unique string for each instance.

The README file
distributed with the test script explains how this variable affects the paths
defined in your configuration file.

HIVE_PTEST_SUFFIX=first_run hive_repo/testutils/ptest/ --test &
HIVE_PTEST_SUFFIX=second_run hive_repo/testutils/ptest/ --test &

Testing report

The paths here assume you're using "~/hivetests" as your "master_base_path"; if
you are using some other path, update the paths accordingly.

After the test run ends, a test report will be generated in
"~/hivetests/report/TIMESTAMP"; the main file is named "report.html". Since
JUnit properties lists take up a lot of space, by default they are generated in
separate ".html" files and linked from "report.html". If you want to generate
just one file (for easy copying for example) you can use "--one-file-report"
switch and the properties will be embedded in "report.html". Keep in mind that
instead of getting a ~300k file, you'll get one that might be more than 10MB.

If you want to use a fixed report name instead of a timestamp, you can use
"--report-name" switch, for example:

hive_repo/testuitls/ptest/ --test --revision D123 --report-name D123

This will generate report in "~/hivetests/report/D123". If there was already a
report with that name it will be removed.

Tests output

".q.out" files from TestCliDriver and TestNegativeCliDriver runs will be copied
to "~/hivetests/report/TIMESTAMP/out" so they are available in one place.

Hive logs

"hive.log" files from all test runs will be copied to
"~/hivetests/report/TIMESTAMP/logs" and will be renamed to

Possible issues

Minimr tests (TestMinimrCliDriver, TestNegativeMinimrCliDriver and
TestHBaseMinimrCliDriver) can't run simultaneously on one machine. The script
makes sure they are not scheduled to run simultaneously on the same host during
one test run, but multiple script runs (multiple users or one user testing
multiple patches at the same time) might collide and cause failures in that test

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