AuthorMikhail Pochatkin 
SponsorPetr Ivanov 





Currently, Ignite 3 does not have a ready-made mechanism for delivering the required components to the user. The purpose of this IEP is to work out and create all kinds of options for packaging and distributing the required components of Ignite 3 to the user, taking into account the UX of various user platforms and OS.


As ready-made resulting packages, it is planned to make only completely independent parts of Apache Ignite. At the moment only Ignite core part and Ignite CLI can work as standalone applications and these applications should be distributed as OS-specific packages for all supported platforms. (Linux, Windows, MacOs). However, we will publish not only compiled packages, but there is also a need to publish individual parts of Apache Ignite that are not standalone applications, and we need to provide the user with access to these parts. The prime candidate for this is the ignite-client with all its subparts (JDBC, SQL Api, etc Api). More about this will be described in paragraph Publishing.

Three packages will be provided:

  1. ignite3-cli  — Ignite 3 CLI tool. Used if one wants to manage a remote cluster.
  2. ignite3-db  — Ignite 3 core artifacts. Used if one wants to start nodes locally.
  3. ignite3  —  meta package that includes both ignite3-cli and ignite3-db.

Every package will be available as a downloadable ZIP file, and as OS-specific packages (RPM, DEB, Brew …).


This package can only be used to connect to a remote (or local) cluster. Once the package is installed, the user gets access to the Ignite CLI tool via the ignite command.

The package includes:

  1. CLI tool executables for Unix and Windows
  2. LICENSE and NOTICE files per Apache requirements

NOTE: It is possible to build an ignite3-cli executable with GraalVM native-image technology. This approach can provide a significant performance boost during CLI startup. This performance increase can be tested and presented to the community as part of this work.


This package provides the ability to run nodes on the local server. It includes:

  1. All required Ignite core artifacts with any dependencies
  2. ignite3-db (start, stop, restart)  script, both for Unix and Windows.
  3. LICENSE and NOTICE files per Apache requirements

Scripts can be used by a user directly, or by OS-level services. Mix-and-match of these two approaches should be disallowed.


This is a meta package that includes everything listed for the other two packages.


Separate package of shaded ignite JDBC with all dependencies. Speaking of fat jar: jdbc depends on netty and msgpack, which is a quite popular libraries. To avoid conflict of versions in downstream projects it would be better to shade dependecies. This package should be also published to maven central.


The issue of publishing assembled packages should be highlighted in a separate paragraph.

Each package should be published and available to install for all supported platforms in the native OS way. It means that the installation process should respect all UX of each OS :

  1. We should provide the possibility to install each component with the default package manager (apt-get, yum, brew, etc.) of the OS.
  2. Install, upgrade, update, and uninstall process should require all rules of OS guidelines. For example, remove all temp files after uninstall and not change these files in the upgrade process.

It is also necessary to support the publication of compiled images as zip files for the possibility of installation on those platforms where there are no package managers. For each supported architecture, it is necessary to build and publish a zip file with everything necessary for the application to fully work (except for the third-party dependencies, which should be installed as additional packages, but this list should be attached to the REQUIRED.txt file).


In the context of packaging work, it would be useful to rewrite Apache Ignite build system to a Gradle build system. This work should be done before all packaging staff, we also need to verify that the build process is correctly works as previously. Also need to adapt all CI scripts for the new build system and scripts.

These several points about what can be improved by Gradle using:

  1. Various Gradle plugins can make the build process easier. Rpm/Deb, brew, SDKMan, Docker, etc.
  2. Currently, the Apache Ignite project contains many different validation scripts that need to be run manually or in TeamCity's automation scripts. Instead of all this, it can be unified in the Gradle build scripts to be able to locally fully reproduce the build with CI.
  3. Since we have 3 different packaging targets (ignite3-db, ignite3-cli, ignite3) all packaging logic can be unified in 1 Gradle script and just used in target modules.

Target package formats

Each installation method will be described here. As described above, each method must fully respect all the features of the user experience of the platform. Because of this, care should be taken in attempting to unify user scripts between different installation methods.

NOTE: All formats and running options MUST provide the possibility to run multiple instances of the ignite3-db module.

Zip archive

The file includes:

  1. All ignite artifacts and executables for Linux and Windows and MacOS
  2. LICENSE and NOTICE files per Apache requirements


  1. Download the zip file
  2. Unzip into a folder
  3. Add executable into a PATH (optional, if yes – ask user)

Uninstallation v1:

  1. Stop ignite processes
  2. Remove a folder

Uninstallation v2:

  1. Cd into the folder
  2. Run uninstall script

Upgrade v1:

  1. Download the zip file
  2. Unzip into a folder
  3. Add executable into a PATH (optional) 

Upgrade v2:

  1. Download the zip file
  2. Cd into the folder with the previous version
  3. Run upgrade executable and provide the zip file as an argument

Also, the standard approach where we have /opt/ignite folder with ignite versions and /opt/ignite/latest as a symlink to currently used versions. Upgrading will require downloading archive, unzipping it to /opt/ignite/<version>, making new symlink to /opt/ignite/latest

The upgrade process should not remove data files.

Zip archive can be built with a Gradle plugin.

RPM/DEB packages

The package includes:

  1. All executables for Linux
  2. LICENSE and NOTICE files per Apache requirements


  1. Download RPM/DEB package
  2. Run rpm -i <package> / apt install <path-to-deb> / dpkg -i <package>
  3. After installation, the executable is represented as a system service (service file) and can be run with the system ignite start command. 


  1. rpm -e <package> / dpkg --r <package>


  1. rpm -U <package> / dpkg -i <package>

NOTE: upgrade process should not remove data files.

RPM/DEB archive can be built by plugin or

Yum/apt-get package managers

Apache Ignite should have an RPM/Deb repository with all built packages. 

This is a common approach in the Linux community and is the standard way to install an application on a system.

  1. User add the custom repository 
    1. yum install https://yum-rep-address/repo-info.rpm
    2. add-apt-repository http://repo-address 
  2. Install required package
    1. yum install ignite3 
    2. apt install ignite3 

NOTE: Also in the future, it is necessary to consider the possibility of adding our packages to the standard repositories of common distributions.

Homebrew package

Homebrew uses Formula to install the software. Formula is a Ruby class that describes the installation process. Formula should be placed on GitHub and have a link to the zip archive.

There is also a way to create Formula via a Gradle plugin


  1. Add a custom GitHub repo to the brew: brew tap apache/ignite-3 
  2. Run brew install <package> 
  3. After installation, the executable is represented as a command line app (ignite (CLI), ignite3-db (start, stop, restart))


  1. Run brew uninstall ignite3 


  1. Run brew upgrade ignite3 


SDKman is a multiplatform package manager with supported platforms: 

  • LINUX_64
  • LINUX_32
  • MAC_ARM64
  • WINDOWS_64

A lot of product publishing in SDKMan Java, Kotlin, Scala, Maven, Gradle, sbt, Scala CLI, Quarkus CLI, Apache ActiveMQ, Flink, Spark, etc.


    sdk install ignite3 ${version} 


    sdk uninstall ignite3 ${version}  


    sdk upgrade ignite3  


   sdk list ignite3 


The publishing process is described here and it's not much different from other package managers.

Also publishing process can be simplified by using or


For the ignite3-db module, we also should build a Docker image that can be used for easy Apache Ignite startup.

This image should contain ready-for-use Apache Ignite with all required dependencies. After the image is created Apache Ignite should be started and ready for use. By default, all ports of Ignite server should be forwarded as is and no additional changes are required.

Also, can simplify the process of docker image building.


As you can see can help us with publishing setup infrastructure and cover all cases. This is a good reason to try to use it as the only required dependency to unify how different packages are built.

Also, provides native support for the Micronaut CLI project which is Apache Ignite CLI.

Risks and Assumptions

Mostly, there are no risks. The main critical part of the changes is the transition of the build process to Gradle. This moment should be separately tested, and the transfer of CI to a new build system should be made after a complete ready-check of the build gradle.


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