Kafka ships with a pluggable Authorizer and an out-of-box authorizer implementation that uses zookeeper to store all the acls. Kafka acls are defined in the general format of "Principal P is [Allowed/Denied] Operation O From Host H On Resource R". You can read more about the acl structure on KIP-11. In order to add, remove or list acls you can use the Kafka authorizer CLI.
Command Line interface
Kafka Authorization management CLI can be found under bin directory with all the other CLIs. The CLI script is called kafka-acls.sh. Following lists all the options that the script supports.
|--add||Indicates to the script that user is trying to add an acl.||Action|
|--remove||Indicates to the script that user is trying to remove an acl.||Action|
|--list||Indicates to the script that user is trying to list acls.||Action|
Fully qualified class name of the authorizer.
comma separated key=val pairs that will be passed to authorizer for initialization.
|--cluster||Specifies cluster as resource.||Resource|
|--topic <topic-name>||Specifies the topic as resource.||Resource|
|--consumer-group <consumer-group>||Specifies the consumer-group as resource.||Resource|
Principal is in PrincipalType:name format.
These principals will be used to generate an ACL with Allow permission.
Multiple principals can be specified in a single command by specifying this option multiple times, i.e.
--allow-principal User:test1@EXAMPLE.COM --allow-principal User:test2@EXAMPLE.COM
Principal is in PrincipalType:name format.
These principals will be used to generate an ACL with Deny permission.
Multiple principals can be specified in the same way as described in --allow-principal option.
Comma separated list of hosts from which principals listed in --allow-principals will have access.
|if --allow-principals is specified defaults to * which translates to "all hosts"||Host|
|--deny-hosts||Comma separated list of hosts from which principals listed in --deny-principals will be denied access.||if --deny-principals is specified defaults to * which translates to "all hosts"||Host|
Comma separated list of operations.
Valid values are : Read, Write, Create, Delete, Alter, Describe, ClusterAction, All
Convenience option to add/remove acls for producer role. This will generate acls that allows WRITE,
Convenience option to add/remove acls for consumer role. This will generate acls that allows READ,
Suppose you want to add an acl "Principals User:Bob and User:Alice are allowed to perform Operation Read and Write on Topic Test-Topic from Host1 and Host2". You can do that by executing the CLI with following options:
By default all principals that don't have an explicit acl that allows access for an operation to a resource are denied. In rare cases where an allow acl is defined that allows access to all but some principal we will have to use the --deny-principals and --deny-host option. For example, if we want to allow all users to Read from Test-topic but only deny User:BadBob from host bad-host we can do so using following commands:
Above examples add acls to a topic by specifying --topic <topic-name> as the resource option. Similarly user can add acls to cluster by specifying --cluster and to a consumer group by specifying --consumer-group <group-name>.
Removing acls is pretty much same , the only difference is instead of --add option users will have to specify --remove option. To remove the acls added by the first example above we can execute the CLI with following options:
We can list acls for any resource by specifying the --list option with the resource. To list all acls for Test-topic we can execute the CLI with following options:
Adding or removing a principal as producer or consumer
The most common use case for acl management are adding/removing a principal as producer or consumer so we added convenience options to handle these cases. In order to add User:Bob as a producer of Test-topic we can execute the following command:
Similarly to add Alice as a consumer of Test-topic with consumer group Group-1 we just have to pass --consumer option:
Note that for consumer option we must also specify the consumer group.
In order to remove a principal from producer or consumer role we just need to pass --remove option.