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  • Creating a POSDictionary using the API
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You can use the API to create a POSDictionary that can be used with POSTagger tool.

  • Create an POSDictionary object, optionally set the case sensitivity flag, which is true by default;
  • Populate the POSDictionary object using the addTags(String word, String... tags) method;
  • Serialize the dictionary using the serialize(OutputStream out) method.

Notes:

  1. The addTags method is package-private. You will need to use it from a class which declares the same package.
  2. Close the OutputStream after using the serialize method.

Code example:

MyPOSDictionaryWriter.java
// the method POSDictionary.addTags is package-private, so we need to use the same package.
package opennlp.tools.postag;

import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Scanner;

public class MyPOSDictionaryWriter {

  public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {

    // first we create a POSDictionary
    boolean isCaseSensitive = true;
    POSDictionary dictionary = new POSDictionary(isCaseSensitive);

    // suppose that you have a file with words and tags as follows:
    // word0 tag0 tag1
    // word1 tag2
    // word3 tag3 tag4 tag5

    // we open the file and read it line by line...

    Scanner scanner = new Scanner(new FileInputStream("fileName"), "UTF-8");
    while (scanner.hasNextLine()) {
      String line = scanner.nextLine();
      String[] data = line.split("\\s+");
      String word = data[0];
      String[] tags = Arrays.copyOfRange(data, 1, data.length);
      dictionary.addTags(word, tags);
    }

    scanner.close();

    // now we can serialize the dictionary
    OutputStream out = new FileOutputStream("posDict.xml");
    dictionary.serialize(out);
    out.close();
  }
}

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