With TIKA-93 you can now use the awesome Tesseract OCR parser within Tika!
First some instructions on getting it installed. See Tesseract's readme.
Mac Installation Instructions
brew install tesseract tesseract-lang
Issues with Installing via Brew
If you have trouble installing via Brew, you can try installing Tesseract from source.
Tesseract won't work with TIFF files
If you are having trouble getting Tesseract to work with TIFF files, read this link. Summary:
- uninstall tesseract:
brew uninstall tesseract
- uninstall leptonica:
brew uninstall leptonica
- install leptonica with tiff support:
brew install leptonica --with-libtiff
- install tesseract:
brew install tesseract tesseract-lang
Installing Tesseract on RHEL
- Add "epel" to your yum repositories if it isn't already installed
wget https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm(or appropriate version)
rpm -Uvh epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
yum install tesseract3. To add language packs, see what's available
yum search tesseractthen, e.g.
yum install tesseract-langpack-ara
Installing Tesseract on Ubuntu
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tesseract-ocr
- To add language packs, see what's available then, e.g.
sudo apt-get install tesseract-ocr-fra
Installing Tesseract on Windows
Using Tika and Tesseract
Once you have Tesseract installed, you should test it to make sure it's working. A nice command line test:
tesseract -psm 3 /path/to/tiff/file.tiff out.txt
You should see the output of the text extraction in out.txt.
Look for the text extracted by Tesseract.
Once you have confirmed Tesseract is working, then you can simply use the Tika-app, built with 1.7-SNAPSHOT or later to use Tika OCR. For example, try that same file above with Tika:
tika -t /path/to/tiff/file.tiff
That's it! You should see the text extracted by Tesseract and flowed through Tika.
Using Tika Server and Tesseract
Once you have Tesseract and a fresh build of Tika 1.7-SNAPSHOT (including Tika server), you can easily use Tika-Server with Tesseract. For example, to post a TIFF file to the server and get back its OCR extracted text, run the following commands:
in another window, start Tika server
java -jar /path/to/tika-server-1.7-SNAPSHOT.jar
in another window, issue a cURL request
curl -T /path/to/tiff/image.tiff http://localhost:9998/tika --header "Content-type: image/tiff"
Overriding the configured language as part of your request
Different requests may need processing using different language models. These can be specified for specific requests using the X-Tika-OCRLanguage custom header. An example of this is shown below:
curl -T /path/to/tiff/image.jpg http://localhost:9998/tika --header "X-Tika-OCRLanguage: eng"
Or for multiple languages:
curl -T /path/to/tiff/image.jpg http://localhost:9998/tika --header "X-Tika-OCRLanguage: eng+fra"
Overriding Default Configuration
When using the OCR Parser Tika will use the following default settings:
- Tesseract installation path = ""
- Language dictionary = "eng"
- Page Segmentation Mode = "1"
- Minmum file size = 0
- Maximum file size = 2147483647
- Timeout = 120
To changes these settings you can either modify the existing TesseractOCRConfig.properties file in tika-parser/src/main/resources/org/apache/tika/parser/ocr, or overriding it by creating your own and placing it in the package org/apache/tika/parser/ocr on your classpath.
It is worth noting that doing this when using one of the executable JARs, either the tika-app or tika-server JARs, will require you to execute them without using the -jar command. For example, something like the following for the tika-app or tika-server, respectively:
java -cp /path/to/your/classpath:/path/to/tika-app-X.X.jar org.apache.tika.cli.TikaCLI
java -cp /path/to/your/classpath:/path/to/tika-server-1.7-SNAPSHOT.jar org.apache.tika.server.TikaServerCli
OCR and PDFs
See also PDFParser notes for more details on options for performing OCR on PDFs.
Note: With Tika server 1.x, the PDFConfig is generated for each document, so any configurations that you may specify in the tika-config.xml file that you pass to the tika-server on startup are overwritten. This behavior is changed in Tika 2.x, where the PDFConfig remembers settings from tika-config.xml and will only temporarily update custom configs sent via headers.
To go with option 1 for OCR'ing PDFs (run OCR against inline images), you need to specify configurations for the PDFParser like so:
curl -T testOCR.pdf http://localhost:9998/rmeta/text --header "X-Tika-PDFextractInlineImages: true"
To go with option 2 (render each page and then run OCR on that rendered image), you need to specify the ocr strategy:
curl -T testOCR.pdf http://localhost:9998/tika --header "X-Tika-PDFOcrStrategy: ocr_only"
Note: These two options are independent. If you set
extractInlineImages to true and select an
OcrStrategy that includes OCR on the rendered page, Tika will run OCR on the extracted inline images and the rendered page.
Disable OCR in Tika
Tika's OCR will trigger on images embedded within, say, office documents in addition to images you upload directly. Because OCR slows down Tika, you might want to disable it if you don't need the results. You can disable OCR by simply uninstalling tesseract, but if that's not an option, here is a tika.xml config file that disables OCR:
In Tika 2.x, you can selectively turn off OCR per parse programmatically by setting
skipOcr on a
TesseractOCRConfig. This will only affect that one call to parse.
In Tika 2.x, with
tika-server, add this header to skip OCR per request:
Tika will run preprocessing of images (rotation detection and image normalizing with ImageMagick) before sending the image to tesseract if the user has included dependencies (listed below) and if the user opts to include these preprocessing steps.
To identify rotation
python must be installed with scikit-image and numpy
pip3 install numpy
pip3 install scikit-image
(As of January 5, 2021, there's a bug in the most recent numpy for Windows, specify 1.19.3:
pip3 install numpy==1.19.3)
In Tika 2.0,
python3 must be installed and callable as
iOS: brew install imagemagick
Ubuntu: sudo apt install imagemagick
Windows: download the binary installer from the above page, e.g. https://imagemagick.org/download/binaries/ImageMagick-7.0.10-55-Q16-HDRI-x64-dll.exe
TODO: document how to configure these options in Tika