The notions of "themes" and "templates" are at the core of the HTML Struts Tags provided by the framework.



A small piece of code executed from within JSP, FreeMarker, or Velocity.


A bit of code, usually written in FreeMarker, that can be rendered by certain tags (HTML tags)


A collection of templates packaged together to provide common functionality

(lightbulb) See Struts Tags for more about the HTML and other tags provided by the framework.

Template Basics

Template Loading

How templates are loaded

Selecting Template Directory

How the template directories are loaded

Selecting Themes

How you can pick a theme when writing your results

Extending Themes

How to create your own themes based on existing themes

More About Themes

simple theme

A minimal theme with no "bells and whistles"

xhtml theme

The default theme that uses common HTML practices

css_xhtml theme

The xhtml theme re-implemented using strictly CSS for layout

ajax theme

A theme based on the xhtml theme that provides advanced AJAX features

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  1. Spelling error: "How template directory are loaded" should be changed to "How template the directory is loaded" or "How template directories are loaded".