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cqllabel in ("component-templates","components","rendering","response") and space = currentSpace()

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For the most part, these templates are standard HTML/XHTML; Tapestry extensions to ordinary markup are provided in the form of a Tapestry XML namespace (xmlns):

Code Block
languagexml
titleA template for a page
<html t:type="layout" xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_34.xsd">
    <h1>Bonjour from HelloWorld component.</h1>
</html>
Section
 

We'll cover the specific content of templates shortly, but first a few details about connecting a component to its template.

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Info

It is necessary to enable support for a locale

before Tapestry will attempt to localize to that locale. This requires configuration in your application module (usually AppModule.java); if you are using the Tapestry Quickstart archetype, only locale "en" will be enabled by default.

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The first one is for HTML5 and is recommended for Tapestry 5.2.5 and later. In versions prior to Tapestry 5.2.5, Tapestry didn't support the HTML5 doctype directly (but see the comments at TAP5-1040), but there's a partial for a work-around: just add the following to your page class (or your layout class, if you use one) instead of adding the doctype to your template (.tml) files:

Code Block
/**
* Output the HTML5 doctype, as a work-around to https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/TAP5-1040
*/
@SetupRender
final void renderDocType(final MarkupWriter writer) {
    writer.getDocument().raw("<!DOCTYPE html>");
}
Since
since5.3
Tapestry 5.3 introduces introduced two significant improvements to template Doctypes. A template without a is parsed as if it had the HTML Doctype ({{}}). In fact, Tapestry creates an in-memory copy of the template that includes the doctype. A template with the HTML Doctype ({{}}) is parsed _as if_ it had the XHTML transitional Doctype. In fact, Tapestry creates an in-memory copy of the template that replaces the line. This applies as well to a template without any Doctype, in which case the XHTML transitional Doctype is inserted at the top. In either case, this means you can use arbitrary HTML entities, such as {{&copy;}} or {{&nbsp;}} without seeing the XML parsing errors that would occur in earlier releases.

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Code Block
languagexml
<html xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_34.xsd">
    <head>
        <title>Hello World Page</title>
    </head>
    <body>
        <h1>Hello World</h1>
    </body>
</html>

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For backwards compatibility, you may continue to use the old namespace URIs: http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_0_0.xsd or http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_0.xsd. However or  http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_3.xsd

 

 However, the following elements added, as part of Tapestry 5.1, will not work with the 5_0_0.xsd:

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The 5_3.xsd fixes some minor bugs in the 5_1_0.xsd, but is functionally equivalent; 5_3.xsd and 5_4.xsd are identical.

Tapestry Elements

Tapestry elements are elements defined using the Tapestry namespace prefix (usually "t:").

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A block may be anonymous, or it may have an id (specified with the id attribute). Only blocks with an id may be injected into the component.

Warning

A <t:block> must be in the Tapestry namespace, but the id attribute should not be. This is different from components in the template, where the t:id attribute that defines the component id must be in the Tapestry namespace.

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Support for the <t:content> element was adding in Tapestry release 5.1. You must use the http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_04.xsd or http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_(or ...5_3 or ...5_1_0.xsd) namespace URI for content to be recognized (otherwise you will see an error about a missing "content" component).

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Support for the <t:remove> element was added in Tapestry release 5.1. You must use the http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_1_04.xsd or http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_(or ...5_3 or ...5_1_0.xsd) namespace URI for remove to be recognized (otherwise you will see an error about a missing "remove" component).

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  • via the t:type attribute in the containing template, as in the above example, or
  • within the containing component's Java class using the @Component annotation (and using the t:id attribute on the element in the template). The Component annotation is attached to a field; the type of the component is determined by either the type of the field or the type attribute of the Component annotation.

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This approach has certain efficiency advantages on both the server (less processing to render the page) and on the client (fewer characters to parse). Tools such as FireBug Firefox Developer Tools and Chrome Developer Tools are useful for allowing you to view the rendered HTML on the client properly.

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Code Block
languagexml
<t:extend xmlns:t="http://tapestry.apache.org/schema/tapestry_5_3.xsd">
  <t:replace id="title">
    <h1><img src="${context:images/icon.jpg}"/>
    Customer Service</h1>
  </t:replace>
</t:extend>

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