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Comment: add anchor in Synopsis section of "Inserting data into Hive Tables from queries" for link from DDL auto.purge

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Code Block
Standard syntax:
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE tablename1 [PARTITION (partcol1=val1, partcol2=val2 ...) [IF NOT EXISTS]] select_statement1 FROM from_statement;
INSERT INTO TABLE tablename1 [PARTITION (partcol1=val1, partcol2=val2 ...)] select_statement1 FROM from_statement;

Hive extension (multiple inserts):
FROM from_statement
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE tablename1 [PARTITION (partcol1=val1, partcol2=val2 ...) [IF NOT EXISTS]] select_statement1
[INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE tablename2 [PARTITION ... [IF NOT EXISTS]] select_statement2] 
[INSERT INTO TABLE tablename2 [PARTITION ...] select_statement2] ...;
FROM from_statement
INSERT INTO TABLE tablename1 [PARTITION (partcol1=val1, partcol2=val2 ...)] select_statement1
[INSERT INTO TABLE tablename2 [PARTITION ...] select_statement2] 
[INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE tablename2 [PARTITION ... [IF NOT EXISTS]] select_statement2] ...;

Hive extension (dynamic partition inserts):
INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE tablename PARTITION (partcol1[=val1], partcol2[=val2] ...) select_statement FROM from_statement;
INSERT INTO TABLE tablename PARTITION (partcol1[=val1], partcol2[=val2] ...) select_statement FROM from_statement;
Synopsis
  • Anchor
    InsertOverwrite
    InsertOverwrite
    INSERT OVERWRITE will overwrite any existing data in the table or partition
    • unless IF NOT EXISTS is provided for a partition (as of Hive 0.9.0).
    • As of Hive 2.3.0 (HIVE-15880), if the table has TBLPROPERTIES ("auto.purge"="true") the previous data of the table is not moved to Trash when INSERT OVERWRITE query is run against the table. This functionality is applicable only for managed tables (see managed tables) and is turned off when "auto.purge" property is unset or set to false.
  • INSERT INTO will append to the table or partition, keeping the existing data intact. (Note: INSERT INTO syntax is only available starting in version 0.8.)
    • As of Hive 0.13.0, a table can be made immutable by creating it with TBLPROPERTIES ("immutable"="true"). The default is "immutable"="false".
      INSERT INTO behavior into an immutable table is disallowed if any data is already present, although INSERT INTO still works if the immutable table is empty. The behavior of INSERT OVERWRITE is not affected by the "immutable" table property.
      An immutable table is protected against accidental updates due to a script loading data into it being run multiple times by mistake. The first insert into an immutable table succeeds and successive inserts fail, resulting in only one set of data in the table, instead of silently succeeding with multiple copies of the data in the table. 

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