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Table of Contents

This page describes the different clients supported by HiveServer2.

...

HiveServer2 supports a new command shell Beeline that works with HiveServer2. It's a JDBC client that is based on the SQLLine CLI (http://sqlline.sourceforge.net/). There’s detailed documentation of SQLLine which is applicable to Beeline as well. The Beeline shell works in both embedded mode as well as remote mode. In the embedded mode, it runs an embedded Hive (similar to Hive CLI) whereas remote mode is for connecting to a separate HiveServer2 process over Thrift.

Example –

No Format

% bin/beeline
Hive version 0.11.0-SNAPSHOT by Apache
beeline> !connect jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000 scott tiger org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver
!connect jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000 scott tiger org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver
Connecting to jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000
Connected to: Hive (version 0.10.0)
Driver: Hive (version 0.10.0-SNAPSHOT)
Transaction isolation: TRANSACTION_REPEATABLE_READ
0: jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000> show tables;
show tables;
+-------------------+
|     tab_name      |
+-------------------+
| primitives        |
| src               |
| src1              |
| src_json          |
| src_sequencefile  |
| src_thrift        |
| srcbucket         |
| srcbucket2        |
| srcpart           |
+-------------------+
9 rows selected (1.079 seconds)

...

You can use JDBC to access data stored in a relational database or other tabular format.

  1. Load the HiveServer2 JDBC driver.

    For example:

    No Format
    
    Class.forName("org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver");
    
  2. Connect to the database by creating a Connection object with the JDBC driver.

    For example:

    No Format
    
    Connection cnct = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:hive2://<host>:<port>", "<user>", "<password>");
    

    The default <port> is 10000. In non-secure configurations, specify a <user> for the query to run as. The <password> field value is ignored in non-secure mode.

    No Format
    
    Connection cnct = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:hive2://<host>:<port>", "<user>", "");
    

    In Kerberos secure mode, the user information is based on the Kerberos credentials.

  3. Submit SQL to the database by creating a Statement object and using its executeQuery() method.

    For example:

    No Format
    
    Statement stmt = cnct.createStatement();
    ResultSet rset = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT foo FROM bar");
    
  4. Process the result set, if necessary.

...

JDBC Client Sample Code

Code Block
java
java

import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.ResultSet;
import java.sql.Statement;
import java.sql.DriverManager;

public class HiveJdbcClient {
  private static String driverName = "org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver";

  /**
   * @param args
   * @throws SQLException
   */
  public static void main(String[] args) throws SQLException {
      try {
      Class.forName(driverName);
    } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
      // TODO Auto-generated catch block
      e.printStackTrace();
      System.exit(1);
    }
    //replace "hive" here with the name of the user the queries should run as
    Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:hive2://localhost:10000/default", "hive", "");
    Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
    String tableName = "testHiveDriverTable";
    stmt.execute("drop table if exists " + tableName);
    stmt.execute("create table " + tableName + " (key int, value string)");
    // show tables
    String sql = "show tables '" + tableName + "'";
    System.out.println("Running: " + sql);
    ResultSet res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);
    if (res.next()) {
      System.out.println(res.getString(1));
    }
       // describe table
    sql = "describe " + tableName;
    System.out.println("Running: " + sql);
    res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);
    while (res.next()) {
      System.out.println(res.getString(1) + "\t" + res.getString(2));
    }

    // load data into table
    // NOTE: filepath has to be local to the hive server
    // NOTE: /tmp/a.txt is a ctrl-A separated file with two fields per line
    String filepath = "/tmp/a.txt";
    sql = "load data local inpath '" + filepath + "' into table " + tableName;
    System.out.println("Running: " + sql);
    stmt.execute(sql);

    // select * query
    sql = "select * from " + tableName;
    System.out.println("Running: " + sql);
    res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);
    while (res.next()) {
      System.out.println(String.valueOf(res.getInt(1)) + "\t" + res.getString(2));
    }

    // regular hive query
    sql = "select count(1) from " + tableName;
    System.out.println("Running: " + sql);
    res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);
    while (res.next()) {
      System.out.println(res.getString(1));
    }
  }
}

Running the JDBC Sample Code

No Format
Code Block
languagebash
# Then on the command-line
$ javac HiveJdbcClient.java

# To run the program using remote hiveserver in non-kerberos mode, we need the following jars in the classpath
# from hive/build/dist/lib
#     hive-jdbc*.jar
#     hive-service*.jar
#     libfb303-0.9.0.jar#  libthrift-0.9.0.jar# log4j-1.2.16.jar# slf4j-api-1.6.1.jar# slf4j-log4j12-1.6.1.jar# commons-logging-1.0.4.jar#
#
# Following additional jars are needed for the kerberos secure mode -
#     hive-exec*.jar
#     commons-configuration-1.6.jar
#  and from hadoop - hadoop-*core.jar
# To run the program in embedded mode, we need the following additional jars in the classpath
# from hive/build/dist/lib
#     hive-exec*.jar
#     hive-metastore*.jar
#     antlr-runtime-3.0.1.jar
#     derby.jar
#     jdo2-api-2.1.jar
#     jpox-core-1.2.2.jar
#     jpox-rdbms-1.2.2.jar
#
# from hadoop/build
#     hadoop-*-core.jar
# as well as hive/build/dist/conf, any HIVE_AUX_JARS_PATH set, and hadoop jars necessary to run MR jobs (eg lzo codec)

$ java -cp $CLASSPATH HiveJdbcClient

# Alternatively, you can run the following bash script, which will seed the data file
# and build your classpath before invoking the client. The script adds all the
# additional jars needed for using HiveServer2 in embedded mode as well.

#!/bin/bash
HADOOP_HOME=/your/path/to/hadoop
HIVE_HOME=/your/path/to/hive

echo -e '1\x01foo' > /tmp/a.txt
echo -e '2\x01bar' >> /tmp/a.txt

HADOOP_CORE={{ls $HADOOP_HOME/hadoop-*-core.jar}}
CLASSPATH=.:$HIVE_HOME/conf:`hadoop classpath`

for i in ${HIVE_HOME}/lib/*.jar ; do
    CLASSPATH=$CLASSPATH:$i
done

java -cp $CLASSPATH HiveJdbcClient

...

jdbc:hive://hostname/dbname;sasl.qop=auth-int 
For more information, see see Setting up HiveServer2.