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Table of Contents


Apache Geode is a data management platform that provides real-time, consistent access to data-intensive applications throughout widely distributed cloud architectures.

Geode pools memory, CPU, network resources, and optionally local disk across multiple processes to manage application objects and behavior. It uses dynamic replication and data partitioning techniques to implement high availability, improved performance, scalability, and fault tolerance. In addition to being a distributed data container, Apache Geode is an in-memory data management system that provides reliable asynchronous event notifications and guaranteed message delivery.

Apache Geode is an extremely a mature and robust product that can trace its legacy all the way back to one of the first Object Databases for Smalltalk: GemStone. Geode (as GemFire™) , robust technology originally developed by GemStone Systems. Commercially available as GemFire™, it was first deployed in the the financial sector as the transactional, low-latency data engine used by multiple Wall in Wall Street trading platforms.  Today Apache Geode technology is used by over 600 hundreds of enterprise customers for high-scale , 24x7 business critical applications . An example deployment includes China National Railways that uses Geode to run railway ticketing for the entire country of China with a 10 node cluster that manages 2 terabytes of "hot data" in memory, and 10 backup nodes for high availability and elastic scalethat must meet low latency and 24x7 availability requirements.

Main Concepts and Components

Caches are an abstraction that describe a node in a Geode distributed system.


  • Combines redundancy, replication, and a "shared nothing" persistence architecture to deliver fail-safe reliability and performance.
  • Horizontally scalable to thousands of cache members, with multiple cache topologies to meet different enterprise needs. The cache can be distributed across multiple computers.
  • Asynchronous and synchronous cache update propagation.
  • Delta propagation distributes only the difference between old and new versions of an object (delta) instead of the entire object, resulting in significant distribution cost savings.
  • Reliable asynchronous event notifications and guaranteed message delivery through optimized, low latency distribution layer.
  • Applications run 4 to 40 times faster with no additional hardware.
  • Data awareness and real-time business intelligence. If data changes as you retrieve it, you see the changes immediately.
  • Integration with Spring Framework to speed and simplify the development of scalable, transactional enterprise applications.
  • JTA compliant transaction support.
  • Cluster-wide configurations that can be persisted and exported to other clusters.
  • Remote cluster management through HTTP.
  • REST APIs for REST-enabled application development.
  • Rolling upgrade between major version releasesupgrades may be possible, but they will be subject to any limitations imposed by new features.

Geode in 5 minutes
Geode in 5 minutes
Geode in 5 minutes

Obtain the source archive from Pivotal. Extract and build from source (note: currently Geode supports jdk1.7.75):

$ cd geode 
$ ./gradlew build installDist 

Start a locator and server:

$ cd gemfire-assembly/build/install/geode 


How to Get Apache Geode

You can download Apache Geode from the website, run a Docker image, or install with homebrew on OSX. Application developers can load dependencies from Maven Central.

Code Block


Code Block
dependencies {
  compile "org.apache.geode:geode-core:$VERSION"

Start the cluster

Download Geode by following one of the methods described above, and follow the installation instructions at in the posted manual at

With a path that contains the bin directory of the installation, start a locator and server:

$ gfsh 
gfsh> start locator --name=locator 
gfsh> start server --name=server 

Create a region:

gfsh> create region --name=regionhello --type=REPLICATE 

Write a client application (this example uses a Gradle build script):


Code Block
import java.util.Map;
import comorg.gemstoneapache.gemfiregeode.cache.Region;
import comorg.gemstoneapache.gemfiregeode.cache.client.*;

public class HelloWorld {
  public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
    ClientCache cache = new ClientCacheFactory()
      .addPoolLocator("localhost", 10334)
    Region<String, String> region = cache
      .<String, String>createClientRegionFactory(ClientRegionShortcut.CACHING_PROXY)

    region.put("1", "Hello");
    region.put("2", "World");

    for (Map.Entry<String, String>  entry : region.entrySet()) {
      System.out.format("key = %s, value = %s\n", entry.getKey(), entry.getValue());


Compile and run The classpath should include gemfire-core-dependencies.jar.




Build and run the HelloWorld example.

$ gradle run

The application will connect to the running cluster, create a local cache, put some data in the cache, and print the cached data to the console:

key = 1, value = Hello
key = 2, value = World

Finally, shutdown the Geode server and locator:

 gfsh> shutdown --include-locators=true

For more information see the Geode Examples repository or the documentation .

Application Development

Geode applications can be written in these client technologies:

a number of client technologies:

The following libraries are available external to the Apache Geode project: