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The Multicast allows to route the same message to a number of endpoints and process them in a different way. The main difference between the Multicast and Splitter is that Splitter will split the message into several pieces but the Multicast will not modify the request message.




Default Value




Refers to an AggregationStrategy to be used to assemble the replies from the multicasts, into a single outgoing message from the Multicast. By default Camel will use the last reply as the outgoing message. From Camel 2.12 onwards you can also use a POJO as the AggregationStrategy, see the Aggregate page for more details. If an exception is thrown from the aggregate method in the AggregationStrategy, then by default, that exception is not handled by the error handler. The error handler can be enabled to react if enabling the shareUnitOfWork option.



Camel 2.12: This option can be used to explicit declare the method name to use, when using POJOs as the AggregationStrategy. See the Aggregate page for more details.



Camel 2.12: If this option is false then the aggregate method is not used if there was no data to enrich. If this option is true then null values is used as the oldExchange (when no data to enrich), when using POJOs as the AggregationStrategy. See the Aggregate page for more details.



If enabled then sending messages to the multicasts occurs concurrently. Note the caller thread will still wait until all messages has been fully processed, before it continues. Its only the sending and processing the replies from the multicasts which happens concurrently.




Camel 2.14: If enabled then the aggregate method on AggregationStrategy can be called concurrently. Notice that this would require the implementation of AggregationStrategy to be implemented as thread-safe. By default this is false meaning that Camel synchronizes the call to the aggregate method. Though in some use-cases this can be used to archive higher performance when the AggregationStrategy is implemented as thread-safe.



Refers to a custom Thread Pool to be used for parallel processing. Notice if you set this option, then parallel processing is automatic implied, and you do not have to enable that option as well.



Camel 2.2: Whether or not to stop continue processing immediately when an exception occurred. If disable, then Camel will send the message to all multicasts regardless if one of them failed. You can deal with exceptions in the AggregationStrategy class where you have full control how to handle that.



If enabled then Camel will process replies out-of-order, eg in the order they come back. If disabled, Camel will process replies in the same order as multicasted.



Camel 2.5: Sets a total timeout specified in millis. If the Multicast hasn't been able to send and process all replies within the given timeframe, then the timeout triggers and the Multicast breaks out and continues. Notice if you provide a TimeoutAwareAggregationStrategy then the timeout method is invoked before breaking out. If the timeout is reached with running tasks still remaining, certain tasks for which it is difficult for Camel to shut down in a graceful manner may continue to run. So use this option with a bit of care. We may be able to improve this functionality in future Camel releases.



Camel 2.8: Refers to a custom Processor to prepare the copy of the Exchange each multicast will receive. This allows you to do any custom logic, such as deep-cloning the message payload if that's needed etc.



Camel 2.8: Whether the unit of work should be shared. See the same option on Splitter for more details.


The following example shows how to take a request from the direct:a endpoint , then multicast these request to direct:x, direct:y, direct:z.

Using the Fluent Builders{snippet:id=example|lang=java|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}By default Multicast invokes each endpoint sequentially. If parallel processing is desired, simply use

from("direct:a").multicast().parallelProcessing().to("direct:x", "direct:y", "direct:z");

In case of using InOut MEP, an AggregationStrategy is used for aggregating all reply messages. The default is to only use the latest reply message and discard any earlier replies. The aggregation strategy is configurable:

from("direct:start") .multicast(new MyAggregationStrategy()) .parallelProcessing().timeout(500).to("direct:a", "direct:b", "direct:c") .end() .to("mock:result");

Stop processing in case of exception

Available as of Camel 2.1

The Multicast will by default continue to process the entire Exchange even in case one of the multicasted messages will thrown an exception during routing.
For example if you want to multicast to 3 destinations and the 2nd destination fails by an exception. What Camel does by default is to process the remainder destinations. You have the chance to remedy or handle this in the AggregationStrategy.

But sometimes you just want Camel to stop and let the exception be propagated back, and let the Camel error handler handle it. You can do this in Camel 2.1 by specifying that it should stop in case of an exception occurred. This is done by the stopOnException option as shown below:

from("direct:start") .multicast() .stopOnException().to("direct:foo", "direct:bar", "direct:baz") .end() .to("mock:result"); from("direct:foo").to("mock:foo"); from("direct:bar").process(new MyProcessor()).to("mock:bar"); from("direct:baz").to("mock:baz");

And using XML DSL you specify it as follows:

xml <route> <from uri="direct:start"/> <multicast stopOnException="true"> <to uri="direct:foo"/> <to uri="direct:bar"/> <to uri="direct:baz"/> </multicast> <to uri="mock:result"/> </route> <route> <from uri="direct:foo"/> <to uri="mock:foo"/> </route> <route> <from uri="direct:bar"/> <process ref="myProcessor"/> <to uri="mock:bar"/> </route> <route> <from uri="direct:baz"/> <to uri="mock:baz"/> </route>

Using onPrepare to execute custom logic when preparing messages

Available as of Camel 2.8

The Multicast will copy the source Exchange and multicast each copy. However the copy is a shallow copy, so in case you have mutateable message bodies, then any changes will be visible by the other copied messages. If you want to use a deep clone copy then you need to use a custom onPrepare which allows you to do this using the Processor interface.

Notice the onPrepare can be used for any kind of custom logic which you would like to execute before the Exchange is being multicasted.

Design for immutable

Its best practice to design for immutable objects.

For example if you have a mutable message body as this Animal class:{snippet:id=e1|lang=java|title=Animal|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}Then we can create a deep clone processor which clones the message body:{snippet:id=e1|lang=java|title=AnimalDeepClonePrepare|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}Then we can use the AnimalDeepClonePrepare class in the Multicast route using the onPrepare option as shown:{snippet:id=e1|lang=java|title=Multicast using onPrepare|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}And the same example in XML DSL{snippet:id=e1|lang=xml|title=Multicast using onPrepare|url=camel/trunk/components/camel-spring/src/test/resources/org/apache/camel/spring/processor/MulticastOnPrepareTest.xml}Notice the onPrepare option is also available on other EIPs such as Splitter, Recipient List, and Wire Tap.

Using This Pattern