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This application will take you through the basics of Stateful Session Bean. This application will demonstrate how annotations like @Stateful, @Resource, @PostConstruct, @PreDestroy, @PrePassivate, @PostActivate, @Remove are used in an EJB3 application.


  1. Add the following code to PersonalInfo.javasolid package ejb.stateful; public class PersonalInfo implements { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; private String FirstName; private String LastName; private String UserName; private String Password; private String Nationality; public void setFirstName(String FirstName) { this.FirstName=FirstName; } public void setLastName(String LastName) { this.LastName=LastName; } public void setUserName(String UserName) { this.UserName=UserName; } public void setPassword(String Password) { this.Password=Password; } public void setNationality(String Nationality) { this.Nationality=Nationality; } public String getFirstName() { return FirstName; } public String getLastName() { return LastName; } public String getUserName() { return UserName; } public String getPassword() { return Password; } public String getNationality() { return Nationality; } }

  2. Similarly create a class and add the following code. BillingInfo.javasolid package ejb.stateful; public class BillingInfo implements { private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; private String houseNo; private String street; private String city; private String pincode; private String country; private String bank; private String cardno; public void setBank(String bank) {; } public void setCardno(String cardno) { this.cardno=cardno; } public void setHouseNo(String houseNo) { this.houseNo=houseNo; } public void setStreet(String street) { this.street=street; } public void setCity(String city) {; } public void setPincode(String pincode) { this.pincode=pincode; } public void setCountry(String country) {; } public String getBank() { return bank; } public String getCardno() { return cardno; } public String getHouseNo() { return houseNo; } public String getStreet() { return street; } public String getCity() { return city; } public String getPincode() { return pincode; } public String getCountry() { return country; } } and are classes for setting and getting the user information.
  3. Now we will add the Business interface or bean interface. Right click on the package ejb.stateful and Select New->Interface.

  4. Name the interface as AccountCreator and Select Finish.

  5. Add the following code to AccountCreator interface. AccountCreator.javasolid package ejb.stateful; import javax.ejb.Remote; @Remote public interface AccountCreator { void addPersonalInfo(PersonalInfo personalinfo); void addBillingInfo(BillingInfo billinginfo); void createAccount(); } Note: Once you enter this code you might see errors like @EJB can be resolved. Currently there are some limitations with the geronimo eclipse plugin which will resolved soon. We will soon suggest you how to get rid of those errors.
  6. Next step is to add the implementation to the interface. Right click on ejb.stateful interface and select New->class.

  7. Name the bean class as AccountCreatorBean and Select Finish.

  8. Add the following code to AccountCreatorBean. AccountCreatorBean.javasolid package ejb.stateful; import java.sql.Connection; import java.sql.Statement; import javax.annotation.PostConstruct; import javax.annotation.PreDestroy; import javax.annotation.Resource; import javax.ejb.PostActivate; import javax.ejb.PrePassivate; import javax.ejb.Remove; import javax.ejb.Stateful; import javax.sql.DataSource; @Stateful public class AccountCreatorBean implements AccountCreator{ @Resource(name="jdbc/userds") private DataSource datasource; private Connection connection; private PersonalInfo personalinfo=new PersonalInfo(); private BillingInfo billinginfo=new BillingInfo(); public AccountCreatorBean() { super(); } @PostConstruct @PostActivate public void openConnection() { try{ connection=datasource.getConnection(); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } @PreDestroy @PrePassivate public void closeConnection() { connection=null; } public void addPersonalInfo(PersonalInfo personalinfo) { this.personalinfo=personalinfo; } public void addBillingInfo(BillingInfo billinginfo) { this.billinginfo=billinginfo; } @Remove public void createAccount() { try{ System.out.println(personalinfo.getFirstName()); Statement statement = connection.createStatement(); String sql = "INSERT INTO USERINFO(" + "FIRSTNAME, " + "LASTNAME, " + "USERNAME," + "PASSWORD, " + " PINCODE, " + " CARDNO ) VALUES (" + "'" + personalinfo.getFirstName() + "', " + "'" + personalinfo.getLastName() + "', " + "'" + personalinfo.getUserName() + "', "+ "'" + personalinfo.getPassword() + "', "+ "'" + billinginfo.getPincode() + "', "+ "'" + billinginfo.getCardno() + "'" + ")"; statement.execute(sql); statement.close(); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } } } Once you have added the code you will see lot of errors but this can be resolved easily and is shown in next step. The errors in the code is due to missing classes from our server runtime.


  1. Start the server and lunch the administrative console using the URL http://localhost:8080/console.
  2. Enter default username and password.
  3. In the welcome page, Under Embedded DB, Select DB Manager.

  4. On the next page create a database named userdbs and Select Create.

  5. Once done you can see the userdbs database listed in DB Viewer portlet under Databases. This confirms that the database has been successfully created.

  6. As shown in the figure under Use DB, select userdbs from the dropdown box.

  7. Run the userinfo.sql script. Select Run Sql.

    userinfo.sqlsolid create table userinfo(firstname varchar(20),lastname varchar(20), username varchar(20), password varchar(20), pincode varchar(20), cardno varchar(20))
  8. To verify the table creation succeeded. Select Application as shown in the figure.

  9. Next screen suggests the table has been successfully created. To view the contents of the table select VIEW CONTENTS.

  10. The table is currently empty as shown in the figure.


  1. Right click under Project Explorer and Select New->Dynamic Web Project.

  2. Name the project as StatefulClient and Select Next.

  3. Keep the default settings as shown in the figure. Select Next.

  4. On the next screen keep default values. Select Next.

  5. Default values on this screen too. Select Finish.

  6. Right click on the StatefulClient project and Select New->Servlet.

  7. Name the package as ejb.stateful and Servlet as Controller.

  8. Keep the default values and Select Next.

  9. Keep the default values and Select Finish.

  10. Once the servlet is created it shows error. This is due to servlet api missing from the runtime. This can be easily resolved. Right click on StatefulClient project and Select Properties.

  11. On the next screen select Java build path and select Libraries.

  12. Select Add External jars.

  13. Browse to your <GERONIMO_HOME>\repository\org\apache\geronimo\specs\geronimo-servlet_2.5_spec\1.1.2 and select geronimo-servlet_2.5_spec-1.1.2.jar and Select Open.

  14. Select OK on the next screen this will remove all the errors.

  15. Add the following code to servlet. Controller.javasolid package ejb.stateful; import; import java.util.Properties; import javax.naming.Context; import javax.naming.InitialContext; import javax.servlet.RequestDispatcher; import javax.servlet.ServletException; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest; import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse; import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession; /** * Servlet implementation class for Servlet: Controller * */ public class Controller extends javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet implements javax.servlet.Servlet { static final long serialVersionUID = 1L; AccountCreator ac; /* (non-Java-doc) * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet#HttpServlet() */ public Controller() { super(); } /* (non-Java-doc) * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet#doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) */ protected void doProcess(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { /*PrintWriter out =response.getWriter(); out.println(request.getRequestURI());*/ try{ Properties prop=new Properties(); prop.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, "org.apache.openejb.client.RemoteInitialContextFactory"); prop.put("java.naming.provider.url", "ejbd://localhost:4201"); Context context = new InitialContext(prop); ac=(AccountCreator)context.lookup("AccountCreatorBeanRemote"); } catch(Exception e) { e.printStackTrace(); } if ( (request.getRequestURI()).equals("/StatefulClient/Controller")) { PersonalInfo personalinfo=new PersonalInfo(); personalinfo.setFirstName(request.getParameter("FirstName")); personalinfo.setLastName(request.getParameter("LastName")); personalinfo.setNationality(request.getParameter("Nationality")); personalinfo.setUserName(request.getParameter("UserName")); personalinfo.setPassword(request.getParameter("Password")); ac.addPersonalInfo(personalinfo); HttpSession hs= request.getSession(true); hs.setAttribute("handle", ac); RequestDispatcher rd=request.getRequestDispatcher("BillingInfo.jsp"); rd.forward(request, response); } else { BillingInfo billingInfo=new BillingInfo(); billingInfo.setBank(request.getParameter("Bank")); billingInfo.setCardno(request.getParameter("CardNo")); billingInfo.setCity(request.getParameter("City")); billingInfo.setCountry(request.getParameter("Country")); billingInfo.setHouseNo(request.getParameter("HouseNo")); billingInfo.setPincode(request.getParameter("PinCode")); billingInfo.setStreet(request.getParameter("Street")); HttpSession hs= request.getSession(true); ac=(AccountCreator)hs.getAttribute("handle"); ac.addBillingInfo(billingInfo); ac.createAccount(); PrintWriter out=response.getWriter(); out.println("Account successfully created"); } } protected void doGet(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { // TODO Auto-generated method stub doProcess(request, response); } /* (non-Java-doc) * @see javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet#doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) */ protected void doPost(HttpServletRequest request, HttpServletResponse response) throws ServletException, IOException { doProcess(request, response); // TODO Auto-generated method stub } }

    This servlet contains code referring to bean interface class and PersonalInfo and BilllingInfo class. We need to add these projects to the build path so that the classes can be compiled.
  16. Right click on StatefulClient project and Select Properties->Java Build Path->Projects. Select Add.

  17. Check StatefulBean and Select OK.

  18. Once done the project will be visible in the build path. Select OK.

  19. Next step is to add jsp pages to our client project. Right click on WebContent under StatefulClient project and Select New->jsp.

  20. Name the jsp as PersonalInfo.jsp and Select Next.

  21. On the next screen select Finish.

  22. Add the following code to PersonalInfo.jsp. PersonalInfo.jspsolid <%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" ""> <html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"> <title>User Personal Information</title> </head> <body> <form action="Controller"> <h1>Enter your personal information</h1> <table> <tr> <td><h3>Name</h3></td> </tr> <tr> <td>FirstName</td> <td><input type="text" name="FirstName"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>LastName</td> <td><input type="text" name="LastName"></td> </tr> <tr><td><h3>Nationality</h3></td></tr> <tr> <td>Nationality</td> <td><input type="text" name="Nationality"></td> </tr> <tr><td><h3>Login</h3></td></tr> <tr> <td>UserName</td> <td><input type="text" name="UserName"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Password</td> <td><input type="password" name="Password"></td> </tr> </table> <input type="submit" Name="Next"> </form> </body> </html>

  23. Similarly add another jsp with the name BillingInfo.jsp and add the following code.

    BillingInfo.jspsolid <%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" pageEncoding="ISO-8859-1"%> <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" ""> <html> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"> <title>User Billing Information</title> </head> <body> <form action="Controller1"> <h1>Enter your Billing information</h1> <table> <tr> <td><h3>Address</h3></td> </tr> <tr> <td>House No</td> <td><input type="text" name="HouseNo"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Street</td> <td><input type="text" name="Street"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>City</td> <td><input type="text" name="City"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>PinCode</td> <td><input type="text" name="PinCode"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Country</td> <td><input type="text" name="Country"></td> </tr> <tr><td><h3>Credit Card Information</h3></td></tr> <tr> <td>Bank</td> <td><input type="text" name="Bank"></td> </tr> <tr> <td>Card No</td> <td><input type="text" name="CardNo"></td> </tr> </table> <input type="submit" name="Submit"> </form> </body> </html>

Let's walk through the servlet and jsp code. First through Controller servlet code.


  1. In StatefulBean project select META-INF/openejb-jar.xml and replace the existing code with following code openejb-jar.xmlsolid <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?> <openejb-jar xmlns="" xmlns:nam="" xmlns:pkgen="" xmlns:sec="" xmlns:sys=""> <environment> <moduleId> <groupId>default</groupId> <artifactId>StatefulBean</artifactId> <version>1.0</version> <type>car</type> </moduleId> <sys:dependencies> <sys:dependency> <sys:groupId>console.dbpool</sys:groupId> <sys:artifactId>jdbc/userds</sys:artifactId> </sys:dependency> </sys:dependencies> </environment> </openejb-jar> The above deployment plan is different from the above one in the following way
    • The namespace generated by geronimo eclipse plugin are not to AG 2.1 level. This is due to some limitation which will be fixed soon.
    • Since the ejb bean class refers to jdbc/userds datasource a <dependency> element has to be added in EJB deployment plan.
  2. In StatefulClient project select WEB-INF/web.xml and replace the existing code with the following web.xmlsolid <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> <web-app xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xmlns:web="" xsi:schemaLocation="" id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5"> <display-name>StatefulClient</display-name> <welcome-file-list> <welcome-file>index.html</welcome-file> <welcome-file>index.htm</welcome-file> <welcome-file>index.jsp</welcome-file> <welcome-file>default.html</welcome-file> <welcome-file>default.htm</welcome-file> <welcome-file>default.jsp</welcome-file> </welcome-file-list> <servlet> <description></description> <display-name>Controller</display-name> <servlet-name>Controller</servlet-name> <servlet-class>ejb.stateful.Controller</servlet-class> </servlet> <servlet> <description></description> <display-name>Controller1</display-name> <servlet-name>Controller1</servlet-name> <servlet-class>ejb.stateful.Controller</servlet-class> </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>Controller</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/Controller</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>Controller1</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/Controller1</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> </web-app>
  3. In StatefulClient project select WEB-INF/geronimo-web.xml and add a dependency element for the StatefulBean EJB project. THe final web deployment plan will look as follows geronimo-web.xmlsolid <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="yes"?> <ns8:web-app xmlns="" xmlns:ns2="" xmlns:ns3="" xmlns:ns4="" xmlns:ns5="" xmlns:ns6="" xmlns:ns7="" xmlns:ns8="" xmlns:ns9=""> <environment> <moduleId> <groupId>default</groupId> <artifactId>StatefulClient</artifactId> <version>1.0</version> <type>car</type> </moduleId> <dependencies> <dependency> <groupId>default</groupId> <artifactId>StatefulBean</artifactId> <version>1.0</version> <type>car</type> </dependency> </dependencies> </environment> <ns8:context-root>/StatefulClient</ns8:context-root> </ns8:web-app>

The above code is different from the original one in the sense that we have added another <servlet> for Controller1 which is mapped to the same servlet class. Similarly adding a <servlet-mapping> element for the Controller1 servlet. This feature is basically mapping of more than one servlet with same servlet class. This helps in routing each call from jsp in the Controller servlet.