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The Loop allows for processing a message a number of times, possibly in a different way for each iteration. Useful mostly during testing.

Default mode

Notice by default the loop uses the same exchange throughout the looping. So the result from the previous iteration will be used for the next (eg Pipes and Filters). From Camel 2.8 onwards you can enable copy mode instead. See the options table for more details.




Default Value




Camel 2.8: Whether or not copy mode is used. If false then the same Exchange will be used for each iteration. So the result from the previous iteration will be visible for the next iteration. Instead you can enable copy mode, and then each iteration restarts with a fresh copy of the input Exchange.

doWhile Camel 2.17: Enables the while loop that loops until the predicate evaluates to false or null.

Exchange properties

For each iteration two properties are set on the Exchange. Processors can rely on these properties to process the Message in different ways.




Total number of loops. This is not available if running the loop in while loop mode.


Index of the current iteration (0 based)


The following example shows how to take a request from the direct:x endpoint, then send the message repetitively to mock:result. The number of times the message is sent is either passed as an argument to loop(), or determined at runtime by evaluating an expression. The expression must evaluate to an int, otherwise a RuntimeCamelException is thrown.

Using the Fluent Builders

Pass loop count as an argument{snippet:id=ex1|lang=java|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}Use expression to determine loop count{snippet:id=ex2|lang=java|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}Use expression to determine loop count{snippet:id=ex3|lang=java|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}Using the Spring XML Extensions

Pass loop count as an argument{snippet:id=ex1|lang=xml|url=camel/trunk/components/camel-spring/src/test/resources/org/apache/camel/spring/processor/loop.xml}Use expression to determine loop count{snippet:id=ex2|lang=xml|url=camel/trunk/components/camel-spring/src/test/resources/org/apache/camel/spring/processor/loop.xml}For further examples of this pattern in use you could look at one of the junit test case

Using copy mode

Available as of Camel 2.8

Now suppose we send a message to "direct:start" endpoint containing the letter A.
The output of processing this route will be that, each "mock:loop" endpoint will receive "AB" as message.{snippet:id=e1|lang=java|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}However if we do not enable copy mode then "mock:loop" will receive "AB", "ABB", "ABBB", etc. messages.{snippet:id=e1|lang=java|url=camel/trunk/camel-core/src/test/java/org/apache/camel/processor/}The equivalent example in XML DSL in copy mode is as follows:{snippet:id=e1|lang=xml|url=camel/trunk/components/camel-spring/src/test/resources/org/apache/camel/spring/processor/SpringLoopCopyTest.xml}

Using while mode

Available as of Camel 2.17

The loop can act like a while loop that loops until the expression evaluates to false or null.

For example the route below loops while the length of the message body is 5 or less characters. Notice that the DSL uses loopDoWhile.

from("direct:start") .loopDoWhile(simple("${body.length} <= 5")) .to("mock:loop") .transform(body().append("A")) .end() .to("mock:result");

And the same example in XML:

xml <route> <from uri="direct:start"/> <loop doWhile="true"> <simple>${body.length} &lt;= 5</simple> <to uri="mock:loop"/> <transform> <simple>A${body}</simple> </transform> </loop> <to uri="mock:result"/> </route>

Notice in XML that the while loop is turned on using the doWhile attribute.


Using This Pattern