Available as of Camel 2.1
A route policy
org.apache.camel.spi.RoutePolicy is used to control route(s) at runtime. For example you can use it to determine whether a route should be running or not. However the policies can support any kind of use cases.
How it works
You associate a route with a given
RoutePolicy and then during runtime Camel will invoke callbacks on this policy where you can implement your custom logic.
Camel provides a support class that is a good base class to extend
There are these callbacks invoked
See the javadoc of the
org.apache.camel.spi.RoutePolicy for more details.
And also the implementation of the
org.apache.camel.impl.ThrottlingInflightRoutePolicy for a concrete example.
Camel provides the following policies out of the box:
org.apache.camel.impl.ThrottlingInflightRoutePolicy- a throttling based policy that automatic suspends/resumes route(s) based on metrics from the current in flight exchanges. You can use this to dynamic throttle e.g. a JMS consumer to avoid it consuming too fast.
As of Camel 2.5, Camel also provides an ability to schedule routes to be activated, de-activated, suspended and/or resumed at certain times during the day using a ScheduledRoutePolicy (offered via the camel-quartz component).
If you want to dynamic suspend/resume routes as the
org.apache.camel.impl.ThrottlingRoutePolicy does then its advised to use
org.apache.camel.SuspendableService as it allows for fine grained
resume operations. And use the
org.apache.camel.util.ServiceHelper to aid when invoking these operations as it support fallback for regular
The throttling inflight route policy has the following options:
A scope for either
The maximum threshold when the throttling will start to suspend the route if the current number of inlfight exchanges is higher than this value.
A percentage 0..100 which defines when the throttling should resume again in case it has been suspended.
The logging level used for logging the throttling activity.
The logger category.
ThrottlingInflightRoutePolicy compared to the [Throttler] EIP
ThrottlingInflightRoutePolicy compared to Throttler is that it does not block during throttling. It does throttling that is approximate based, meaning that its more coarse grained and not explicit precise as the Throttler. The Throttler can be much more accurate and only allow a specific number of messages being passed per a given time unit. Also the
ThrottlingInflightRoutePolicy is based its metrics on number of inflight exchanges where as Throttler is based on number of messages per time unit.
ScheduledRoutePolicy (Simple and Cron based) using camel Quartz
For more details check out the following links
You configure the route policy as follows from Java DSL, using the
In Spring XML its a bit different as follows using the
Configuring policy sets
Available as of Camel 2.7
RoutePolicy has been further improved to allow addition of policy sets or a collection of policies that are concurrently applied on a route. The addition of policies is done as follows.
In the example below, the route testRoute has a startPolicy and throttlePolicy applied concurrently. Both policies are applied as necessary on the route.
Available as of Camel 2.14
If you want to use a route policy for every route, you can use a
org.apache.camel.spi.RoutePolicyFactory as a factory for creating a
RoutePolicy instance for each route. This can be used when you want to use the same kind of route policy for every routes. Then you need to only configure the factory once, and every route created will have the policy assigned.
There is API on CamelContext to add a factory, as shown below
And from XML DSL you just define a <bean> with the factory
The factory has a single method that creates the route policy
Note you can have as many route policy factories as you want. Just call the addRoutePolicyFactory again, or declare the other factories as <bean> in XML.
- Route Throttling Example for an example using this in practice with the ThrottlingInflightRoutePolicy
- ScheduledRoutePolicy for information on policy based scheduling capability for camel routes
- MetricsRoutePolicyFactory for information on a policy using the metrics component to expose route statistics using the metrics library.