Welcome contributors! We strive to include everyone's contributions. This page provides necessary guidelines on how to contribute effectively towards furthering the development and evolution of Sqoop.

Note: This guide applies to general contributors. If you are a committer, please read the Guide for Committers as well.

What can be contributed?

There are many ways you can contribute towards the project. A few of these are:

Jump in on discussions: It is possible that someone initiates a thread on the mailing list describing a problem that you have dealt with in the past. You can help the project by chiming in on that thread and guiding that user to overcome or workaround that problem or limitation.

File Bugs: If you notice a problem and are sure it is a bug, then go ahead and file a JIRA. If however, you are not very sure that it is a bug, you should first confirm it by discussing it on the Mailing Lists.

Review Code: If you see that a JIRA ticket has a 'Patch Available' status, go ahead and review it. It cannot be stressed enough that you must be kind in your review and explain the rational for your feedback and suggestions. Also note that not all review feedback is accepted - often times it is a compromise between the contributor and reviewer. If you are happy with the change and do not spot any major issues +1 it. More information on this is available in the following sections.

Provide Patches: We encourage you to assign the relevant JIRA issue to yourself and supply a patch for it. The patch you provide can be code, documentation, build changes, or any combination of these. More information on this is available in the following sections.

Setting up your development environment

In order to setup your development environment, you would need a Linux system with administrative privileges and Internet connection such as Ubuntu or CentOS. You would also need sufficient disk space for checking out and building the code, installing various database/other software that you may need for your testing.

Getting ready to build

Once you have your Linux system ready with sufficient disk space and Internet connection, go ahead and install the following software:

Building the Sources

To get the source code, checkout the subversion "trunk" using the following command:

$ svn co https://svn.apache.org/repos/asf/incubator/sqoop/trunk/ sqoop

If you prefer using git, you can clone the Sqoop repository from Apache Git mirror by the following command:

$ git clone git://git.apache.org/sqoop.git

Once you have the code, you can build it by the following command:

$ cd sqoop
$ ant jar-all

You can use the clean target to delete previously built files from the workspace and run jar-all again to do a fresh build.

To see a list of all available targets that are available in the build type the following command:

$ ant -p

If you prefer working in Eclipse, you can generate the necessary project definitions as follows:

ant eclipse

Once these definitions are generated, you can import them in Eclipse as an existing project.

Running Tests

Running unit tests

Sqoop source code contains many unit tests that exercise its functionality. These tests can be run simply by using the following command:

ant test

Create third-party lib directory

Create a directory somewhere convenient on your development system. This directory will hold all the JDBC drivers that the tests will use. Once created, create (or edit) the build.properties file in Sqoop workspace root directory and set the the full path of this directory as the value of the property sqoop.thirdparty.lib.dir. For example:


Setting up and running third-party tests

Third-party tests are end-to-end integration tests that exercise the basic Sqoop functionality against third-party databases. You should run these tests in order to rule out regression when testing any changes to the core system. Before you run these tests, you must setup the following databases:

Setting up MySQL
Setting up PostgreSQL
Setting up Oracle
Running third-party tests

Once you have installed and configured all the above databases - MySQL, PostgreSQL and Oracle, you are now ready to run the third-party tests. To run them issue the following command:

$ ant test -Dthirdparty=true

Setting up and running manual tests

Certain third-party tests are categorized as Manual tests since these were introduced at a later stage and adding them to the third-party suite of tests would have resulted in ever test environment requiring new database installation.

Setting up SQL Server
Setting up DB2 Server
Running manual tests

Once you have installed and configured all the above databases - SQL Server and DB2, you are now ready to run the manual tests. To run them, issue the following command:

$ ant test -Dmanual=true

Building documentation

To build Sqoop documentation, run the following command from the workspace root directory:

$ ant docs

This will generate the documentation in the directory build/docs directory. To see the documentation, open the file build/docs/index.html in a web browser, where you will find the links to user and developer guides. All the man pages that are generated by this are available directly under build/docs directory with the extension <name>.1.gz. You can look at these man pages without installing them by the following comamnd:

$  man -l sqoop.1.gz

Building tar-ball

To build the tar-ball for distribution, use the following command:

$ ant tar

This will produce a tar-ball distribution file with a name sqoop-<version>.tar.gz under the build directory.

Reviewing Code

Sqoop uses the Apache Review Board for doing code reviews. In order for a change to be reviewed, it should be either posted on the review board or attached to the JIRA. If the change is a minor change affecting only few lines and does not seem to impact main logic of the affected sources, it need not be posted on the review board. However, if the code change is large or otherwise impacting the core logic of the affected sources, it should be posted on the review board. Feel free to comment on the JIRA requesting the assignee to post the patch for review on review board.

Note: Not all patches attached to a JIRA are ready for review. Sometimes the patches are attached just to solicit early feedback regarding the implementation direction. Feel free to look it over and give your feedback in the JIRA as necessary. Patches are considered ready for review either when the patch has been posted on review board, or the JIRA status has been changed to 'Patch Available'.

Goals for Code Reviews

The net outcome from the review should be the same - which is to ensure the following:

Code review guidelines

Following are some guidelines on how to do a code review. You may use any other approach instead as long as the above stated goals are met. That said, here is an approach that works fine generally:

How to give feedback

Once you have collected your comments/concerns/feedback you need to send it to back to the contributor. In doing so, please be as courteous as possible and ensure the following:

Once you have provided your feedback, wait for the developer to respond. It is possible that the developer may need further clarification on your feedback, in which case you should promptly provide it where necessary. In general, the dialog between the reviewer and developer should lead to finding a reasonable middle ground where key concerns are satisfied and the goals of the review have been met.

If a change has met all your criteria for review, please +1 the change to indicate that you are happy with it.

Providing Patches

In order to provide patches, follow these guidelines: