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Advanced configuration of CamelContext using Spring

When using Spring the CamelContext can be pre configured based on defined beans in spring XML.
This wiki page documentes these features. Most of these features requires Camel 2.0.

What can be configured

The following functions can be configured:

Camel will configure these functions by doing a lookup in the Spring bean registry to find beans of the given type
When Camel finds and uses any of these it logs at INFO level.

The following list all requires at most 1 beans defined. If there are more than 1 bean of this type, then Camel will not use it.

Type

Number of beans

Description

PackageScanClassResolver

0..1

To use a 3rd party package scan resolver. More details at Pluggable Class Resolvers.

ClassResolver

0..1

To use a 3rd party class resolver. More details at Pluggable Class Resolvers.

FactoryFinderResolver

0..1

To use a 3rd party factory finder.

Registry

0..1

To use a 3rd party bean registry. By default Camel will use Spring ApplicationContext as registry.

Debugger

0..1

To use a Debugger usually for tooling.

Tracer

0..1

To use a 3rd party Tracer.

TraceFormatter

0..1

To use a bean that has the tracing options configured.

HandleFault

0..1

To use a 3rd part fault handler to handle FAULT messages.

Delayer

0..1

To use a 3rd part Delayer.

ManagementStrategy

0..1

Camel 2.1: To use a 3rd part strategy for management, for example JMX management.

ManagementNamingStrategy

0..1

Camel 2.6: To use a 3rd part strategy for naming MBeans for management.

NodeIdFactory

0..1

Camel 2.10: To use a 3rd part node id factory.

EventFactory

0..1

Camel 2.1: To use a 3rd part event factory.

EventNotifier

0..1

Camel 2.1: To use a 3rd part event notifier. In Camel 2.2 onwards you can have multiple notifiers, see next table.

InflightRepository

0..1

Camel 2.1: To use a 3rd part inflight repository.

ShutdownStrategy

0..1

Camel 2.2: To use a 3rd part shutdown strategy.

ExecutorServiceStrategy

0..1

Camel 2.3 - 2.8.x: To use a 3rd part executor service strategy. More details at Threading Model.

ExecutorServiceManager

0..1

Camel 2.9: To use a 3rd part executor service manager. More details at Threading Model.

ThreadPoolFactory

0..1

Camel 2.9: To use a 3rd part thread pool factory. More details at Threading Model.

ProcessorFactory

0..1

Camel 2.4: To use a 3rd part processor factory.

UuidGenerator

0..1

Camel 2.5: To use a 3rd part UuidGenerator.

StreamCachingStrategy

0..1

Camel 2.12: To use a 3rd part Stream caching strategy.

UnitOfWorkFactory

0..1

Camel 2.12.3/2.13: To use 3rd part UnitOfWork implementations created by the factory.

RuntimeEndpointRegistry0..1Camel 2.13.1: To use a 3rd party RuntimeEndpointRegistry implementation.
Logger0..1Camel 2.12.4/2.13.1: To use provided org.slf4j.Logger for Log component and log() EIP.
AsyncProcessorAwaitManager0..1Camel 2.15: To use a 3rd part async process await manager.
ModelJAXBContextFactory0..1Camel 2.15.2: To use a 3rd party model JAXB ContextFactory
MessageHistoryFactory0..1Camel 2.17: To use a 3rd party MessageHistoryFactory implementation.

And the following options have support for any number of beans defined.

Type

Number of beans

Description

InterceptStrategy

0..n

To use your own Intercept that intercepts every processing steps in all routes in the CamelContext. For instance you can use this to do an AOP like performance timer interceptor.

LifecycleStrategy

0..n

Camel 2.1: To use 3rd party lifecycle strategies. By default Camel uses a JMX aware that does JMX instrumentation.

EventNotifier

0..n

Camel 2.2: To use 3rd part event notifiers.

RoutePolicyFactory0..nCamel 2.14: To use a 3rd party route policy factory to create a route policy for every route.

Camel will log at INFO level if it pickup and uses a custom bean using org.apache.camel.spring.CamelContextFactoryBean as name.

Using container wide interceptors

Imagine that you have multiple CamelContext and you want to configure that they all use the same container wide interceptor. How do we do that? Well we can leverage the fact that Camel can auto detect and use custom interceptors. So what we simply do is to define our interceptor in the spring xml file. The sample below does this and also define 2 camel contexts. The sample is based on unit test.Error rendering macro 'code': Invalid value specified for parameter 'java.lang.NullPointerException'


<!-- here we define a spring bean that is our container wide interceptor
     its important to notice that the class ContainerWideInterceptor implements
     org.apache.camel.spi.InterceptStrategy that allows us to plugin our interceptors
     Camel will at startup automatic look for any beans in spring registry that is an
     instance of org.apache.camel.spi.InterceptStrategy and add it as interceptor
     to all its routes. Using this we are capable of defining container wide interceptors
     that gets used in all camel contests we define with spring -->
<bean id="myInterceptor" class="org.apache.camel.spring.interceptor.ContainerWideInterceptor"/>

<!-- here we have the 1st CamelContext -->
<camelContext id="camel1" xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
    <route>
        <from uri="direct:one"/>
        <to uri="mock:result"/>
    </route>
</camelContext>

<!-- and there we have the 2nd CamelContext -->
<camelContext id="camel2" xmlns="http://camel.apache.org/schema/spring">
    <route>
        <from uri="direct:two"/>
        <to uri="log:two"/>
        <to uri="mock:result"/>
    </route>
</camelContext>
Okay lets build our interceptor to simply count the number of interceptions. This is quite easy as we can just implement this logic in our implementation directly as the code below illustrates:Error rendering macro 'code': Invalid value specified for parameter 'java.lang.NullPointerException'
public class ContainerWideInterceptor implements InterceptStrategy {

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(ContainerWideInterceptor.class);
    private static int count;

    public Processor wrapProcessorInInterceptors(final CamelContext context, final ProcessorDefinition<?> definition,
                                                 final Processor target, final Processor nextTarget) throws Exception {

        // as this is based on an unit test we are a bit lazy and just create an inlined processor
        // where we implement our interception logic.
        return new Processor() {
            public void process(Exchange exchange) throws Exception {
                // we just count number of interceptions
                count++;
                LOG.info("I am the container wide interceptor. Intercepted total count: " + count);
                // its important that we delegate to the real target so we let target process the exchange
                target.process(exchange);
            }

            @Override
            public String toString() {
                return "ContainerWideInterceptor[" + target + "]";
            }
        };
    }

    public int getCount() {
        return count;
    }
}
When Camel boots up it logs at INFO level the container wide interceptors it have found:

INFO  CamelContextFactoryBean        - Using custom intercept strategy with id: myInterceptor and implementation:org.apache.camel.spring.interceptor.ContainerWideInterceptor@b84c44

Notice: If we have more than 1 container wide interceptor, we can just define them as spring bean. Camel will find and use them.

See Also

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