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Default Project Guidelines

Introduction

This document defines the guidelines under which a project operates if it hasn't defined its own guidelines.

It defines the roles and responsibilities of the project, who may vote, how voting works, how conflicts are resolved, etc.

The Apache Foundation FAQ and How-It-Works explain the operation and background of the foundation. Terms used are defined in the ASF glossary.

Apache has a code of conduct that it expects its members to follow.

Roles and Responsibilities

Apache projects define a set of roles with associated rights and responsibilities.

Project Management Committee

The PMC has many responsibilities including complying with ASF policies, reporting to the board, approving releases and adding new committers and PMC members.

The Chair

The chair ensures board reports are submitted and that the project's roster is up to date.

Decision Making

This is one suggested model, note that (P)PMCs have some leeway in the way decisions are made, where vetoes apply etc., see https://httpd.apache.org/dev/guidelines.html and http://couchdb.apache.org/bylaws.html#decisions for good examples of that. For CouchDB note that nowadays the term "community guidelines" is preferred over bylaws.

Different decisions require different forms of approval but community consensus is always the goal. Voting when needed, should be open for at least 72 hours.

  • Lazy Consensus – Consensus no objections (‘silence gives assent’).

Action

Who can vote

Approval

Where to vote

Board approval required

Code change

Committer

Lazy Consensus

public dev or commit list


Release

PMC

Majority Approval

public dev list


New committer

PMC

Consensus Approval or other documented method4

private list


New PMC member

PMC

Consensus Approval

private list

Yes1

Existing committer removal

PMC

Consensus Approval

private list


Existing PMC removal

PMC

Consensus Approval

private list

Yes2

Change chair

PMC

Consensus Approval

private list

Yes3

1 Notice must be given to the board, or if a podling the IPMC.

2 Except for the PMC member in question. Only the board can remove PMC members.

3 Needs to be approved by the board at the next board meeting.

4 While most projects vote on new committers, it's up to the PPMC to decide how to do it.

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