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  • KIP-399: Extend ProductionExceptionHandler to cover serialization exceptions
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This KIP is aimed at improving the error-handling semantics in Kafka Streams when Kafka Steams fails to serialize a message to the downstream sink by providing an interface that can provide custom messaging of the error (e.g. report to a custom metrics system) and indicate to Streams whether or not it should re-throw the Exception, thus causing the application to fall over.

Status

Current state: Under Discussion

Discussion thread: here

JIRA: KAFKA-7499

Please keep the discussion on the mailing list rather than commenting on the wiki (wiki discussions get unwieldy fast).

Motivation

In KIP-210, an exception handler for the write path was introduced. This exception handler covers exception that are raised in the producer callback.

However, serialization happens before the data is handed to the producer with Kafka Streams itself and the producer uses `byte[]/byte[]` key-value-pair types.

Thus, we might want to extend the ProductionExceptionHandler to cover serialization exception, too, to skip over corrupted output messages. An example could be a "String" message that contains invalid JSON and should be serialized as JSON.

Public Interfaces

We are proposing addition of a new method in ProductionExceptionHandler interface, handleSerializationException, that has the following signature:

        ProductionExceptionHandlerResponse handleSerializationException(ProducerRecord record, Exception exception); 

To accept different types of records from multiple topologies, ProducerRecord is defined without generics. The above interface method will have a default implementation which returns ProductionExceptionHandlerResponse.FAIL

 Proposed Changes

This implementation will override the new method, handleSerializationException, in the following class:

  • AlwaysContinueProductionExceptionHandler and returns response as CONTINUE
  • No need to implement in DefaultProductionExceptionHandler, as the response is set to FAIL by default.

We'll implement the following error handling logic to the send in RecordCollectorImpl. The new method, handleSerializationException, in ProductionExceptionHandler will be invoked when

  1. ClassCastException is thrown while serializing record key / value. Today, we are throwing StreamsException on hitting this exception. Whether to throw the
    exception to the user will be decided based on the response received from ProductionExceptionHandler handleSerializationException method. 
    1. If the result is CONTINUE, log a note at DEBUG that we received that result and are not failing Streams as a result.
    2. If the result is FAIL, log a message at ERROR that we received that result and throw StreamsException so Streams will fail.
  2. Any other unchecked exceptions, that thrown during record key / value serialization.
    1. If the result is CONTINUE, log a note at DEBUG that we received that result and are not failing Streams as a result.
    2. If the result is FAIL, log a message at ERROR that we received that result and set sendException so Streams will fail.

Earlier, we are invoking the error handler only when there are any exceptions in producer callback. Now, we also invoke the handler when hitting the serialization exception. As explained in KIP-210, this will facilitate a number of error handling scenarios.  

Compatibility, Deprecation, and Migration Plan

The default behavior will be consistent with the existing behavior. The new method, handleSerializationException, will have a implementation that is set to FAIL by default.

Rejected Alternatives

We have considered to reuse the existing handle(ProducerRecord<byte[], byte[]> record, Exception exception) method in ProductionExceptionHandler, but it has the following limitation:

  1. The parameter ProducerRecord key and value type is set to byte[], on hitting the serialization exception the record key and value type may not be byte[].
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