The JMS Transport offers an alternative messaging mechanism to SOAP over HTTP. SOAP over JMS offers more reliable and scalable messaging support than SOAP over HTTP. The SOAP over JMS specification is aimed at a set of standards for the transport of SOAP messages over JMS. Its main purpose is to ensure interoperability between the implementations of different Web services vendors. CXF supports and is compliant with this specification.
SOAP over JMS Namespace
JMS endpoints need to know the address information for establishing connections to the proper destination. SOAP over JMS implements the URI Scheme for Java Message Service 1.0.
|jndi||Destination name is a jndi queue name|
|jndi-topic||Destination name is a jndi topic name|
|queue||Destination is a queue name resolved using JMS|
|topic||Destination is a topic name resolved using JMS|
Further parameters can be added as query parameters in the URI.
|conduitIdSelectorPrefix||3.0.0||If set then this string will be the prefix for all correlation ids the conduit creates and also be used in the selector for listening to replies|
NON_PERSISTENT messages will kept only in memory
|durableSubscriptionClientId||3.0.1||Optional Client identifier for the connection. The purpose is to associate a connection with a state maintained on behalf of the client by a provider. The only such state identified by the JMS API is that required to support durable subscriptions.|
Specifies the JNDI name bound to the JMS connection factory to use when connecting to the JMS destination.
Specifies the fully qualified Java class name of the "InitialContextFactory" implementation class to use.
Name of the JTA TransactionManager. Will be searched in spring, blueprint and jndi.
Specifies the JNDI provider URL
|jndi-*||Additional parameters for a JNDI provider|
|messageType||3.0.0||byte||JMS message type used by CXF (byte, text or binary)|
|password||3.0.0||Password for creating the connection. Using this in the URI is discouraged|
|priority||3.0.0||4||Priority for the messages. See your JMS provider documentation for details. Values range from 0 to 9 where 0 is lowest priority|
Specifies the JNDI name bound to the JMS destinations where replies are sent
|receiveTimeout||3.0.0||60000||Timeout in milliseconds the client waits for a reply in case of request / repy exchanges|
|true||Should the transport reconnect in case of exceptions. From version 3.0.0 on the transport will always reconnect in case of exceptions|
|sessionTransacted||3.0.0||false||Set to true for resource local transactions. Do not set if you use JTA|
Time (in ms) after which the message will be discarded by the jms provider
|topicReplyToName||Reply to messages on a topic with this name. Depending on the variant this is either a jndi or jms name.|
Each conduit is assigned with a UUID. If set to true this conduit id will be the prefix for all correlation ids. This allows several endpoints to
share a JMS queue or topic
Username for creating the connection
|concurrentConsumers||1||Number of consumers listening queue concurrently|
Some of these attributes are specified in the JMS URI specification.
The WSDL extensions for defining a JMS endpoint use a special namespace. In order to use the JMS WSDL extensions you will need to add the namespace definition shown below to the definitions element of your contract.
Various JMS properties may be set in three places in the WSDL — the binding, the service, and the port. Values specified at the service will propagate to all ports. Values specified at the binding will propagate to all ports using that binding.
For example, if the jndiInitialContextFactory is indicated for a service, it will be used for all of the port elements it contains.
JMS Properties. For details refer to the URI query parameters with the same name:
Here is an example:
If a property is specified at multiple levels, the setting at the most granular level takes precedence (port first, then service, then binding). In the above example, notice the timeToLive property — for the quickPort port, the value will be 10ms (specified at the port level). For the slowPort port, the value will be 100ms (specified at the service level). In this example, the setting in the binding will always be overridden.
For this example:
- The transport URI (http://www.w3.org/2010/soapjms/) is defined in the <soap:binding>.
- The jms: URI is defined in the <soap:address>
- The extension properties are in the <soap:binding>
Define service endpoint or proxy in spring or blueprint
The JAXWS endpoint or proxy can be defined like in the SOAP/HTTP case. Just use a jms: uri like described above.
In CXF 3 it is possible to omit the jndi settings. Just specify an endpoint like this:
or a Client like this:
The connection factory will be looked up as a bean in the context. By default the name "ConnectionFactory" is assumed but it can be configured using the jndiConnectionFactoryName uri parameter.
Alternatively the connection factory can be set using the ConnectionFactoryFeature.
Publishing a service with the JAVA API
Developers who don't wish to modify the WSDL file can also publish the endpoint information using Java code. For CXF's SOAP over JMS implementation you can write the following:
NOTE: For tests it can be useful to create an embedded broker like this:
Consume the service with the API
Sample code to consume a SOAP-over-JMS service is as follows:
If you specify queue or topic as variant and use cxf >= 3.0.0 then the jndi settings are not necessary.
In this case case the connection factory is supplied using a feature. For CXF 2.x the connection factory can only be supplied using jndi.