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Load balance across multiple instances of OFBiz

The below is taken from mails by Brett Palmer on

 === mail 1 ===

Here is a configuration we use to do load balancing in ofbiz.  Others may do
something else.

1. One machine is running an Apache Web server with mod_jk setup to
communicate with different instances of ofbiz.  The mod_jk is setup to load
balance between the different ofbiz instances.  Here is a document that
helps you get setup:

2. Then we start multiple boxes running ofbiz server - all pointing to the
same database.  The servers are setup to communicate using mod_jk's AJP
protocol.   You need to set the "jvm-route" in the
framework/base/config/ofbiz-containers.xml file to insure the load balancer
maintains sessions between requests.  Here is a snippet of that
configuration file.

<container name="catalina-container"
<!- static configuration for tomcat ->
<property name="delegator-name" value="default"/>
<property name="use-naming" value="false"/>
<property name="debug" value="0"/>
<property name="catalina-runtime-home" value="runtime/catalina"/>
<property name="apps-context-reloadable" value="false"/>
<property name="apps-cross-context" value="false"/>
<property name="apps-distributable" value="false"/>
<!- one or more tomcat engines (servers); map to this + host ->
<property name="default-server" value="engine">
<property name="default-host" value=""/>
*<property name="jvm-route" value="jvm1"/>*
<property name="access-log-pattern">
=== /mail 1 ===

 === mail 2 ===

1.  We run one instance of ofbiz on a separate server but this is because we
are running a single application and want to scale by adding more machines.

2.  It is easier to use the embedded ofbiz version rather than a standalone
tomcat with ofbiz placed as a standard WAR file.  From the Apache Web server
perspective there isn't any difference.  It is talking AJP protocol and
can't tell if it is an embedded version of tomcat or standalone.

3.  I'm not sure the reason some are running several version of ofbiz on the
same machine.  My guess is they have different customers or application and
don't need the extra hardware to service these applications.  We multiple
instances of ofbiz on the same machine but this is so we can have a dev,
testing, and production version running on the same machine.

For maximum scalability you would put 1 instance of ofbiz on a single
machine and load balance between these machines.  We are using Amazon's EC2
servers so it is easy for us to shutdown to a single server at night and
then start up several server during the days when the application is busy.

=== /mail2 ===

 Multiple OFBiz instances talking to the same database

Clustering several OFBiz  instances

Clustering is a feature since Tomcat 5.5 and since OFBiz uses even Tomcat 6.0, the on board clustering with catalina has improved even more.

The configuration for clustering is comprised (and by default commented out) with

The following post was found  on the user mailing list on 11 NOV 2009:

Subject: "Clustering, Session Replication, Failover and Load-Balancing HOWTO"

Author: Vignesh Sabapathi

"(...) Following are the steps to be done

step 1 : create a template (as same as for ofbiz9.0 deployment in tomcat)
step 2 : Deploy ofbiz in tomcat (i tried with tomcat 6.0.16)
step 3 : Cluster tomcat instances (i used 2 tomcat instances)
step 4:  Enable session replication by changing the configurations in
server.xml file in all the nodes (use backup manager to retain cart items
during session replication)
step 5 : Enable Apache with mod_jk support
step 6 : configure Apache (create and change the
configurations of httpd.conf and ssl.conf) to load balance tomcat servers
Step 7 : check all the functions are working with lamba probe tool" (see


Multiple OFBiz instances on the same physical machine

The port configuration of each OFBiz instance is controlled in


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