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Struts 2 provides several Maven archetypes that create a starting point for our own applications.



A recommended way to start with Struts2 archetypes is to work with the archetype catalog.

Available Archetypes

The Blank Convention Archetype (struts2-archetype-convention)


  • Convention-based validation
  • Example actions
  • Package-level resource bundle
  • Unit-testing
  • Google AppEgine aware

The Blank Archetype (struts2-archetype-blank)

The Struts 2 Blank Archetype ("blank-archetype") provides a minimal, but complete, Struts 2 application. It demonstrates some of the most basic Struts 2 concepts.


  • XML-based configuration, demonstrates including additional config file
  • Example actions
  • Package-level resource bundle
  • XML-based validation
  • Unit-testing

See the Struts 2 Blank Archetype page for more information, including some basic Maven information, how to build and run the app, and basic application information.

The Starter Archetype (struts2-archetype-starter)

The Starter archetype creates a more featured application using several common technologies used in production applications.


  • Sitemesh integration
  • Action example (instantiated both through Spring and Struts)
  • Spring integration
  • Validation example (action and action-alias level)
  • Conversion example (global and action level)
  • Resource bundle (both global, action and package level)

The AngularJS Archetype (struts2-archetype-angularjs)


  • Convention-based Action Configuration
  • Example actions with JSON Result
  • Example for AngularJS and Struts2 Integration

The Portlet Blank Archetype (struts2-archetype-portlet)

The Portlet blank archetype creates a minimally populated JSR 168 portlet.


  • View, Edit, and Help mode examples
  • Simple form for preferences in Edit mode
  • Can be deployed as a servlet or portlet application
  • Can use Maven Jetty plugin to deploy with the pluto-embedded profile (usage 'mvn jetty:run -Ppluto-embedded', then access http://localhost:8080/<artifactId>/pluto/index.jsp)

The Portlet Database Archetype (struts2-archetype-dbportlet)

The Portlet database archetype creates a simple JSR 168 portlet that displays the contents of a database table.


  • Uses Spring and Hsql to show a real database query
  • Builtin caching of query results
  • View, Edit, and Help mode examples
  • Simple form for preferences in Edit mode
  • Can be deployed as a servlet or portlet application
  • Can use Maven Jetty plugin to deploy as a servlet webapp

The Plugin Archetype (struts2-archetype-plugin)


  • Example new result type
  • Example XML-based configuration

Creating an Application Using a Maven Archetype

Run the following command from your new project's parent directory. The project will be created in a sub-directory named after the artifactId parameter.

The first two parameters, groupId and artifactId, should be set according to your needs:

  • groupId
    This should be the root package of your application, e.g., com.mycompany.myapp.
  • artifactId
    Names the project directory that will be created in the current directory.

where <CURRENT_STRUTS_VERSION> is archetype's version you want to use, eg.

Staging repository

If the above command will fail because of missing archetypes in central repository, you can try to use staging repository like below

or this

Archetype Parameters

The -B option runs archetype:generate in batch mode; it avoids a prompt to confirm our settings.




The id for the group the application belongs to. Usually is the root package for applications in your company, e.g. com.mycompany


The id for the project. The project will be created a sub-directory named after this parameter.


The group id of the archetype. Will always be org.apache.struts for Struts archetypes


The id of the archetype


The version of the archetype


(Optional) The base Java package to use for generated source code. Defaults to archetypeGroupId if not specified.


(Optional) A list of remote repositories that contain the archetype.

Command Quick Reference

These commands are used from the directory created by the archetype plugin (the project's sub-directory that was created in the previous step).

  • To build
  • To create IntelliJ IDEA project files
  • To create Eclipse project files
  • To run test cases
  • To clean up (removes generated artifacts)
  • To package (creates a WAR file)
  • To grab necessary JAR files etc.
  • To run it with Jetty