Pre Gradle version
This page documents the usage with Gradle, the pre-Gradle documentation is here: https://cwiki.apache.org/confluence/pages/viewpage.action?pageId=65865828
Sometimes the OFBIz code itself is not the culprit. OFBiz relies on many Java librairies, and if one of them has a flaw we can't always wait it's fixed to warn and protect our users. This is for instance what happened with the 2015 infamous Java serialization vulnerability. OFBiz was affected by 2 librairies: Apache Commons Collections and Apache Groovy . As you can see at - OFBIZ-6726Getting issue details... STATUS , we waited the Commons Collections update to fix the issue, because it was not much disclosed then.
But with the article above the buzz began to spread and we could not wait to be able to update Groovy. So a temporary workaround was adopted as explained in - OFBIZ-6568Getting issue details... STATUS . Since then OFBIZ-6568 has been fixed and the temporary workaround for Groovy is now unnecessary.
RMI and other risks
You would though still at risk if you use RMI, JNDI, JMX or Spring and maybe other Java classes OFBiz does not use Out Of The Box (OOTB). So the PMC decided to comment out RMI OOTB - OFBIZ-6942Getting issue details... STATUS . But we could do nothing to prevent the other possiblities (not concerned OOTB).
We also decided to provide a simple way to protect OFBiz instances from all possible Java serialization vulnerabilities. While working on the serialization vulnerability, I stumbled upon this article "Closing the open door of java object serialization" and decided notsoserial was the solution we needed. It was embedded in OFBiz and called by all running Gradle tasks until it was put in OFBiz Attic#notsoserial. So if you need a such protection you are still able to grab it from Attic and use it.
It easily protects you from all possible serialization vulnerabilities as explained in the notsoserial project. The idea is simple: initially you don't know what to put in your whitelist because there are some objects in OFBiz you need to put there, plus the ones you add yourself. So you initially use an empty whitelist and with the dryrun option you specify a file where the serialized objects are listed. Then you can continuously fill your whitelist to keep things secure. You can use the trace option to get a better idea of where and why an object is serialized.
Because of - OFBIZ-10837Getting issue details... STATUS , we needed to fix another issue related to ObjectInputStream class. If you encounter a related issue (object not in the allow list), you must provide a complete list of objects to pass to ObjectInputStream through ListOfSafeObjectsForInputStream property in SafeObjectInputStream.properties file. As an example, the a complete list of objects used by OFBiz OOTB is by default there. You will need to add your objects/classes to this list.
With - OFBIZ-12167Getting issue details... STATUS we have introduced a way to also put objects in a deny list and improved it with - OFBIZ-12216Getting issue details... STATUS , - OFBIZ-12212Getting issue details... STATUS and - OFBIZ-12221Getting issue details... STATUS
OWASP article (with good references at bottom)
This OWASP article is generic but simple enough to well understand the issue